Order of the Medjidie
|Order of the Medjidie|
Arms of the Order of the Medjidie
|Eligibility||Civilians and military|
|Awarded for||Outstanding services to the state by Foreign nationals|
|Status||No longer awarded|
Ribbon bar of the medal
Medjidie or Mejidie (Turkish: Mecidiye Nişanı, August 29, 1852 – 1922) is the name of a military and knightly order of the Ottoman Empire. The Order was instituted in 1851 by Sultan Abdülmecid I.
Instituted in 1851, the Order was awarded in five classes, with the First Class being the highest. The Order was issued in considerable numbers by Sultan Abdülmecid as a reward for distinguished service to members of the British Army and the Royal Navy and the French Army who came to the aid of the Ottoman Empire during the Crimean War against Russia. In Britain it was worn after any British gallantry and campaign medals awarded, but before the Turkish Crimean War medal. The Order was usually conferred on officers but a few enlisted soldiers also received it in a lower class. During World War I it was also awarded to a number of German and Austrian officers.
The Order was often conferred on non-Turkish nationals.
Design of the Order
On the obverse of the star is Sultan Abdülmecid's royal cipher surrounded by an inscription on a gold-bordered circle of red enamel; all on a star of seven triple quills with small crescents and five-pointed stars between them, suspended from a red enameled crescent and star suspender with green enameled edges.
Rough translation of the front: To the left: (you have) crossed. To the right: (you are proven to be) correct. At the top: (you have provided) protection. At the bottom: Year 1268. In the centre: In the name of the God the forgiver, the merciful.
The order has 5 classes. First, second, third and fourth classes are gold. Fifth (lower) class is silver.
Owners of the order:
- First Class Order (Gold) - 50 people (Given by Sultan)
- Second Class Order (Gold) - 150 people (Given by Sultan)
- Third Class Order (Gold) - 800 people
- Fourth Class Order (Gold) - 3,000 people
- Fifth Class Order (Silver) - 6,000 people
Some notable recipients
- Abd al-Qadir al-Jaza'iri, Algerian Islamic scholar and political and military leader who led a struggle against the French invasion.
- Abraham Ashkenazi, chief rabbi of Palestine
- Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Ottoman Army officer
- Lucien Baudens, French military surgeon
- Edward Wilmot Blyden, Pan Africanist and Liberian Statesman
- Charles Doughty-Wylie, English army officer who was later killed in the Gallipoli Campaign, ironically in action against Ottoman forces.
- Arthur Conan Doyle, Scottish author
- Richard England, British soldier
- Pierre Louis Charles de Failly, French soldier
- George Alfred Henty, English Commissariat Officer and author
- Theodor Herzl, journalist and Zionist leader
- Auguste Lumière, French industrialist and biologist
- Léon-Eugène Méhédin, French architect and photographer
- Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, Prussian Army officer
- Sir William Montgomery-Cuninghame, 9th Baronet, British Army Officer and Victoria Cross recipient
- Napoleon III, Emperor of France
- Lord George Paulet, British naval officer
- Pedro II of Brazil, Emperor of Brazil
- Ludomił Rayski, Polish pilot
- Cecil Spring Rice, British diplomat
- Jules Ernest Renoux, French painter
- Pierre-Auguste Sarrus, French musician
- Maréchal Vaillant
- Bir Onurlandırma Aracı olarak Osmanlı Nişan ve Madalyaları, Osmanlı Bankası Arşiv ve Araştırma Merkezi. (Turkish)
- The Americana, Vol.15, Ed. Frederick Converse Beach, George Edwin Rines, (1912);
- The Americana, Vol.15, Ed. Frederick Converse Beach, George Edwin Rines, 1912.
- About Tadeusz Grocholski (in Polish)
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This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>