Oro Province in Papua New Guinea
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|Country||Papua New Guinea|
|• Governor||Garry Juffa 2012-|
|• Total||22,735 km2 (8,778 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Density||8.2/km2 (21/sq mi)|
|Time zone||AEST (UTC+10)|
Oro Province, formerly (and officially still) Northern Province, is a coastal province of Papua New Guinea. The provincial capital is Popondetta. The province covers 22,800 km2, and has 176,206 inhabitants (2011 census).
The northern end of the Kokoda Trail terminates at the village of Kokoda in the province and the active volcano Mount Lamington. Once the Kokoda Trail was taken and provided access from Port Moresby to the hinterland during the Second World War, the coast of the then Northern District was also the scene of heavy fighting; the Buna, Gona and Sanananda campaigns are particularly well remembered.
- Queen Alexandra's birdwing butterfly, the largest butterfly in the world with a possible wingspan in excess of 25 cm (9.8 inches)
- Dwarf cassowary (Casuarius bennetti, the smallest of the three species of cassowaries
- Papuan hornbill (Rhyticeros plicatus), otherwise known as Blyth's hornbill
- King bird-of-paradise, (Cicinnurus regius)
- Yellow-faced myna (Mino dumontii)
- Lawes's parotia, (Parotia lawesii)
Districts and LLGs
Each province in Papua New Guinea has one or more districts, and each district has one or more Local Level Government (LLG) areas. For census purposes, the LLG areas are subdivided into wards and those into census units.
|District||District Capital||LLG Name|
|Ijivitari District||Popondetta||Afore Rural|
|Cape Nelson Rural|
|Oro Bay Rural|
|Sohe District||Kokoda||Higaturu Rural|
- The provincial government purported officially to change the name of the province but did not formally invoke procedures mandated in the Constitution for what would have amounted to a constitutional change, the names of the provinces being laid down there. The name "Oro" has nevertheless come into widespread use just as, indeed, the similarly informal and at one time widely used "North Solomons Province" for Bougainville Province has somewhat fallen into desuetude.
- William Clarke College, Kellyville, NSW, Australia
- National Statistical Office of Papua New Guinea