Outline of Italy

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The location of Italy
An enlargeable map of the Italian Republic

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Italy:

Italyunitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe, located primarily upon the Italian Peninsula. Italy is the birthplace of Western civilization.[citation needed] It is where Ancient Rome originated as a small agricultural community about the 8th century BC, which spread over the course of centuries into the colossal Roman empire, encompassing the whole Mediterranean Sea and merging the Ancient Greek and Roman cultures into one civilization. This civilization was so influential that parts of it survive in modern law, administration, philosophy and arts, forming the ground that the Western world is based upon.

General reference

An enlargeable basic map of Italy

Geography of Italy

An enlargeable topographic map of Italy
Main article: Geography of Italy
  Switzerland 740 km
 France 488 km
 Austria 430 km
 Slovenia 199 km
 San Marino 39 km
  Vatican City 3 km
  • Coastline: 7,600 km
  • Sharing Adriatic Sea with Croatia

Environment of Italy

An enlargeable satellite image of Italy

Geographic features of Italy

Regions of Italy

Administrative divisions types

Statistical divisions of Italy

Groups of regions, regions, and provinces of Italy

Comuni (municipalities) of Italy

Demography of Italy

Main article: Demographics of Italy

Neighbors of Italy

Italy shares its north border with:

Independent states surrounded by Italy (otherwise within Italy's borders) include:

Government and politics of Italy

Main article: Government of Italy and Politics of Italy

Branches of the government of Italy

Executive branch

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Foreign relations of Italy

International organization membership

The Italian Republic is a member of:[3]

Law and order in Italy

Military of Italy

Main article: Military of Italy

History of Italy

Main article: History of Italy and Timeline of Italian history

By period

Culture of Italy

The Leaning Tower of Pisa, one of the most famous landmarks in Italy.

Art in Italy

Sport in Italy

Main article: Sport in Italy

Sports popular in Italy:

Economy and infrastructure of Italy

View of Italy at night from the International Space Station.
Main article: Economy of Italy

Local economies

Education in Italy

Main article: Education in Italy
  • Maria Montessori: In her book The Discovery Of The Child (originally named The Montessori Method which was first printed in English in 1912), makes a reference to Benito Mussolini's presence in Milan Italy on October 18, 1908 when a 'children's House' was set up in the Umanitaria at Milan. "An obscure and austere journalist was working there at the time, a fact that is perhaps worth recording since he later became notorious throughout the world. His name was Benito Mussolini." page 41. This may have been the first time he heard of 'spontaneous discipline', he also would have learned that an adult can insinuate himself into a child by subtly imposing his will. The same page in the book also states, "Later a Children's House was founded for the aristocracy by the English ambassador at Rome. It took in children from the highest social ranks."

Mussolini would have been exposed to experimental psychology through Maria Montessori's line of study which included Charcot, Seguin & Itard, and Maria Montessori herself.

In a short introductory book about the Montessori method called The Essential Montessori on page 9 makes specific reference to Mussolini and Hitler being interested in the method in regards to mass education. It goes on to say that Mussolini was president of the Montessori Association there and that Montessori became upset at Mussolini's leaders and stopped helping them. It also says that at some time all of the Montessori schools were closed in Italy and Germany and that when the German army rolled into Vienna all of the Montessori schools there were closed as well. The book provides a reference to a date when Mussolini had a private audience with Mussolini. (when?)

Health in Italy

See also


  1. The English name of the Italian state used in the English text of the Treaty of Lisbon.
  2. Istat
  3. "Italy". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 15, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

Wikimedia Atlas of Italy

  • Italy travel guide from Wikivoyage
Country profiles
Public institutions