Outline of academic disciplines

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to academic disciplines:

An academic discipline or field of study is a branch of knowledge that is taught and researched as part of higher education. A scholar's discipline is commonly defined and recognized by the university faculties and learned societies to which he or she belongs and the academic journals in which he or she publishes research. However, no formal criteria exist for defining an academic discipline.

Disciplines vary between well-established ones that exist in almost all universities and have well-defined rosters of journals and conferences and nascent ones supported by only a few universities and publications. A discipline may have branches, and these are often called sub-disciplines.

There is no consensus on how some academic disciplines should be classified (e.g., whether anthropology and linguistics are disciplines of social sciences or fields within the humanities). More generally, the proper criteria for organizing knowledge into disciplines are also open to debate.

Historical background

History of academic disciplines – academic disciplines arose from learning institutions as those grew to include specialized faculties or departments

Humanities

Human history

Linguistics

Literature

Arts

Performing arts

Philosophy

Religion

Social sciences

Anthropology

Ethnic and cultural studies

Archaeology

Area studies

Economics

Gender and sexuality studies

Geography


Political science

Psychology

Sociology

Natural sciences

Biology

See also Biology (outline), Branches of life sciences

Chemistry

See also Branches of chemistry


Physics

See also Branches of physics

Earth sciences

See also Branches of earth sciences


Space sciences

Formal sciences

Mathematics

Applied Mathematics

Pure Mathematics

See also Branches of mathematics and AMS Mathematics Subject Classification

Computer sciences

Also a branch of electrical engineering

Logic

Statistics

Systems science

Professions

Agriculture

Architecture and design

Business

Divinity

Education

Engineering and technology

Environmental studies and forestry

Family and consumer science

Human physical performance and recreation

Journalism, media studies and communication

Law

Library and museum studies

Medicine

Military sciences


Public administration

Public policy

Social work

Transportation

See also

Notes

References

  • Abbott, Andrew (2001). Chaos of Disciplines. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-00101-2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Oleson, Alexandra; Voss, John (1979). The Organization of knowledge in modern America, 1860-1920. ISBN 0-8018-2108-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • US Department of Education Institute of Education Sciences. Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP). National Center for Education Statistics.

External links