Palm Springs International Airport

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Palm Springs International Airport
Palm Springs Army Airfield
Palm Springs International Airport photo D Ramey Logan.jpg
IATA: PSPICAO: KPSPFAA LID: PSP
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner City of Palm Springs
Operator Palm Springs Aviation Department
Serves Coachella Valley Inland Empire
Location Palm Springs, California
Elevation AMSL 476 ft / 145 m
Coordinates Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Website Palm Springs International Airport
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
PSP is located in California
PSP
PSP
Location within California
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
13R/31L 10,000 3,048 Asphalt
13L/31R 4,952 1,509 Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Passengers: 1,888,657
Aircraft operations: 55,977
Source=FAA[1]

Palm Springs International Airport (IATA: PSPICAO: KPSPFAA LID: PSP), formerly Palm Springs Municipal Airport, is a public airport two miles (3 km) east of downtown Palm Springs, California. The airport covers 940 acres (380 ha) and has two runways. The airport is highly seasonal, with most flights operating during the winter.

The airport was named one of "America's Most Stress-Free Airports" by Smarter Travel.[2]

History

Military use

PSP was built as a United States Army Air Corps emergency landing field in 1939 on land owned by the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians due to its clear weather and its proximity to March Field and the Los Angeles area.

In March 1941 the War Department certified improvements to the existing airport in Palm Springs as essential to National Defense. The airport was approved to serve as a staging field by the Air Corps Ferrying Command 21st Ferrying Group in November 1941. Land was acquired to build a major airfield one half miles from the old airfield site. The new airfield, Palm Springs Army Airfield[3] was completed in early 1942, and the old air field was then used only as a backup. (Aerial pic of the old airfield at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found., looking ENE)

Many of the field's Air Transport Command 560th Army Air Forces Base Unit personnel stayed at the comfortable Lapaz Guest Ranch nearby. Training conducted at the airfield was by the 72d and 73d Ferrying Squadrons in long-distance over-water flying and navigation. Later, training was also provided to pursuit pilot training by IV Fighter Command 459th Base Headquarters and Air Base Squadron. Training was in P-51 Mustangs, P-40 Warhawks and P-38 Lightnings.

On June 1, 1944, training moved to Brownsville Army Airfield, Texas, and the airfield was used for Army and Navy transport flights until the end of April 1945. The auxiliary field or backup field was declared surplus on May 12, 1945, and the main airfield was declared excess and transferred to the War Assets Administration for disposal in 1946 and it was sold to private buyers. The City of Palm Springs purchased the land in 1961 and converted it to Palm Springs Municipal Airport.

Airline service

Western Airlines flights began in 1945–46 followed Bonanza Airlines in 1957–58. Bonanza and successors Air West and Hughes Airwest served Palm Springs for many years with such aircraft as the Fairchild F-27 turboprop followed by McDonnell Douglas DC-9 jets. American Airlines appeared in winter of 1967–68 with Boeing 707 jetliners. By 1969, American was operating four Boeing 707 departures a day from the airport with two nonstops to Los Angeles and two nonstops to Phoenix with these latter flights both offering direct one stop service to Chicago.[4] Trans World Airlines (TWA) began service in 1978 also with Boeing 707s with daily nonstop service to Phoenix and direct one stop service to Chicago. Scheduled nonstops did not reach beyond California, Las Vegas, and Phoenix until the winter of 1969–70 when American Airlines started a Chicago nonstop route although direct, no change of plane service was operated to destinations in the east. During the 1970s, American began operating McDonnell Douglas DC-10 wide body jetliners into the airport which was the largest aircraft ever scheduled into PSP. In 1976, American was flying the DC-10 on direct one stop service from New York LaGuardia Airport via Chicago O'Hare Airport and was also operating nonstop Boeing 727-100 jet service from Dallas/Fort Worth, Phoenix and Los Angeles with direct, no change of plane 727 flights from Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Indianapolis, Louisville, New York City and Washington D.C.[5] At this same time in 1976, Western was operating Boeing 727-200 and Boeing 737-200 service nonstop from Las Vegas, Los Angeles and San Francisco with direct jet flights from Minneapolis/St. Paul, Portland, OR, Salt Lake City, Seattle and Vancouver, BC in Canada.[6] In 1987, Western was merged into Delta Air Lines which continues to serve PSP on a seasonal basis with mainline flights. Other airlines operating jet service into Palm Springs in the past included Air California and its successor Air Cal, America West Airlines, CP Air, the original Frontier Airlines (1950-1986), Hughes Airwest, Pacific Express, Pan Am, Reno Air, Republic Airlines (1979-1986) and USAir.[7]

According to various Official Airline Guide (OAG) editions, a number of commuter and regional airlines also served Palm Springs primarily with turboprop aircraft over the years from the late 1970s through the 1990s, including Air Bahia, Air Nevada, American Eagle operated by Wings West Airlines, America West Express operated by Mesa Airlines, Cable Commuter Airlines, California Seaboard Airlines, Delta Connection operated by SkyWest Airlines, Imperial Airlines, Inland Empire Airlines, Scenic Airlines, SkyWest Airlines (operating independently), Sun Aire Lines, Swift Aire Lines, Trans World Express operated by Alpha Air, United Express operated by West Air and later by SkyWest Airlines, and USAir Express followed by US Airways Express with both services operated by Trans States Airlines.[8] Also according to the OAG, these air carriers served PSP with such turboprop aircraft types as the Beechcraft 1900, British Aerospace BAe Jetstream 31, de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter, de Havilland Canada DHC-8 Dash 8, Embraer EMB-120 Brasilia, Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner, Fokker F27 and Saab 340 primarily with service to Los Angeles (LAX) but also to Las Vegas (LAS) and Phoenix (PHX). Several of the smaller airlines flew Cessna and Piper twin prop aircraft as well.

Other past use

On December 30, 2006 a U.S. Air Force Presidential Boeing VC-25 (the USAF military version of the Boeing 747), departed Palm Springs International Airport with the body of the 38th President of the United States, Gerald R. Ford and delivered to Washington, D.C., for memorial services.

U.S. Customs clearance

Although a true international airport, PSP only has U.S. customs and immigration facilities for general aviation aircraft including business jets. All international airline flights are from Canadian cities that have pre-clearance facilities.

Terminals

PSP's passenger terminal consists of three parts—the main building, the elevated Sonny Bono Concourse to the north, and a yet-unnamed concourse to the south.[9] Airside, it has a unique open-air layout in that all passenger walkways connecting these structures are roofless.

Main Building

The main building is the land side of the airport. Road traffic accesses the airport directly off of Tahquitz Canyon Way (from downtown) or Kirk Douglas Way, itself fed by Ramon Road from points east. Uncovered parking areas are directly in front of the building. The center section houses the security screening area and automatic doors to/from the open-air walkways airside. Ticketing is on the right (south) wing, while baggage claim and car rental counters are on the left (north).

Departing passengers are routed first to airline ticket counters or kiosks for checking in. Since all gates at Palm Springs are in the two outlying concourses, passengers must pass through the security screening area for admittance into the secure air side of the airport. After leaving the main building via the automatic doors leading out to the open-air courtyard, passengers can access seventeen full-service gates at the two concourses.

The Sonny Bono Concourse, with Bono's bust to the right of the escalator.

Sonny Bono Concourse (Gates 4–11)

On November 4, 1999, the new Sonny Bono Concourse opened as part of the 1994-2000 expansion. Named in honor of the late singer, congressman and former mayor of the city,[10] this newer concourse is the elevated one of the two. It is used for larger aircraft (such as the Boeing 737) because of its jet bridges. SB's outdoor escalator and walkway are shaded by a designer roofline similar to that of the Denver International Airport.

Gates 12–20

The older unnamed concourse on the south side, simply known in signage as "Gates 12–20", is at the tarmac level and hosts smaller aircraft. Boarding uses ramps or airstairs.

Airlines and destinations

File:Psps.gif
Nonstop routes from Palm Springs.
Airplanes at the airport.
Sonny Bono Concourse at the airport.
Sonny Bono Concourse at the airport.
Palm Springs airport.
United plane at the airport.

Passenger

Airlines Destinations Terminal/Gates
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson (begins December 14, 2016),[11] Vancouver Sonny Bono
Alaska Airlines Portland (OR), San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma Sonny Bono
Alaska Airlines
operated by Horizon Air
Seasonal: Sacramento 12–20
Allegiant Air Bellingham Sonny Bono
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare
Sonny Bono
American Eagle Phoenix–Sky Harbor 12-20
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: Atlanta, Minneapolis/St. Paul Sonny Bono
Delta Connection Salt Lake City
Seasonal: Seattle/Tacoma
12-20
JetBlue Seasonal: New York–JFK Sonny Bono
Sun Country Airlines Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul Sonny Bono
United Airlines Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, San Francisco Sonny Bono
United Express Denver, Los Angeles, San Francisco
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare, Houston-Intercontinental
12–20
Virgin America San Francisco
Seasonal: New York–JFK
Sonny Bono
WestJet Calgary, Vancouver
Seasonal: Edmonton, Toronto–Pearson, Winnipeg
Sonny Bono

Cargo Airlines

Airlines Destinations
Ameriflight Ontario

Statistics

Top destinations

Busiest domestic routes from PSP (Mar 2015 – Feb 2016)[12]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 San Francisco, California 156,000 Alaska, United, Virgin America
2 Seattle/Tacoma, Washington 119,000 Alaska, Delta
3 Phoenix, Arizona 105,000 American/US Airways
4 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 94,000 American
5 Denver, Colorado 71,000 United
6 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 47,000 American, United
7 Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota 39,000 Delta, Sun Country
8 Portland, Oregon 39,000 Alaska
9 Salt Lake City, Utah 34,000 Delta
10 Bellingham, Washington 29,000 Allegiant

Ground transportation

PSP is served by both municipal and regional routes. Sunline's SunBus route 24 provides direct service to downtown Palm Springs via the bus stops at El Cielo/Kirk Douglas and Tahquitz/Civic. An Amtrak Thruway bus stop is located just outside the baggage claim area, with service to Cabazon (Morongo Casino), Riverside, and Fullerton. Ridesharing services such as Uber and Lyft are not permitted to drop off or pick up passengers on airport property.

Palm Springs International Airport

See also

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. "PSP Statistical Data". City of Palm Springs. January 2016. Retrieved May 20, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "America's Most Stress-Free Airports - SmarterTravel.com". SmarterTravel.com.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Palm Springs Army Air Field (historical)
  4. http://www.departedflights.com, Mar. 30, 1969 American Airlines system timetable
  5. Feb. 1, 1976 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Palm Springs flight schedules
  6. Feb. 1, 1976 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Palm Springs flight schedules
  7. http://www.departedflights.com, Route Maps
  8. http://www.departedflights.com, Official Airline Guide (OAG) editions: Nov. 15, 1979; April 1, 1981; Feb. 1, 1985; April 2, 1995; June 1, 1999
  9. http://www.palmspringsca.gov/index.aspx?page=275
  10. "Airport Adds Sonny Bono Concourse". Billboard.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Air Canada rouge Gears up for Winter 2016-2017 with new non-stop flights: Montreal to Puerto Vallarta, Mexico and San José, Costa Rica; Toronto to Palm Springs, CA and Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago". Aircanada.ca. April 20, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA) (May 2016). "Palm Springs, CA: Palm Springs International (PSP) Scheduled Services except Freight/Mail". U.S. Department of Transportation (US DOT). Retrieved May 20, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links