Pannonia Inferior

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Provincia Pannonia Inferior
Province of the Roman Empire

103–3rd century

Location of Lower Pannonia
Pannonia Inferior map
Capital Aquincum and Sirmium[1]
 •  Established 103
 •  Disestablished 3rd century
Today part of  Bosnia and Herzegovina

Pannonia Inferior, lit. Lower Pannonia, was an ancient Roman province. It was one on the border provinces on the Danube. It was formed in the year 103 AD by the emperor Trajan, dividing the old province of Pannonia into two parts, Pannonia Superior and Pannonia Inferior. The province included parts of present-day Hungary, Serbia, Croatia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. While Pannonia Superior bordered with the Quadi to the north, Pannonia Inferior had to the west the Sarmatian Iazyges and later on the Vandals to the north-east.


Some of the important cities in Pannonia Inferior were: Sirmium (today Sremska Mitrovica) which several times served as an imperial residence for several emperors, Cuccium (today Ilok), Cibalae (today Vinkovci), Mursa (today Osijek), Certissa (today Đakovo), Marsonia (today Slavonski Brod), Sopianae (today Pécs), the provincial capital Aquincum (today Buda), etc.

Aftermath and legacy

The province was yet again split during the reign of the tetrarchs into two more provinces, Pannonia Valeria in the north, with the new provincial capital at Sopianae, and Pannonia Secunda in the south with Sirmium as the provincial capital. In the Frankish period, in the 9th century, Lower Pannonia was a duchy that spanned from the Drava to the Sava.

See also


External links