Party of Farmers, Traders and Independents

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Party of Farmers, Traders and Independents
German: Bauern-, Gewerbe- und Bürgerpartei
French: Parti des paysans, artisans et indépendants
Italian: Partito dei Contadini, Commericanti e Indipendenti
Leaders Rudolf Minger
(first)
Rudolf Gnägi
(last)
Founded 1917 (1917)
Dissolved 1971; 46 years ago (1971)
Merged into Swiss People's Party
Headquarters Bern, Switzerland
Ideology Nationalism
Agrarianism
Conservatism
Protectionism
Political position Right-wing
European affiliation None
International affiliation None
Colours      Green
Politics of Switzerland
Political parties
Elections

The Party of Farmers, Traders and Independents (French: Parti des paysans, artisans et indépendants) or Farmers', Traders' and Citizens' Party[1] (German: Bauern-, Gewerbe- und Bürgerpartei, BGB) was a Swiss political party founded in 1936. It grew out of a merger between various farmers’ parties at canton level which had been established during the First World War (Zurich 1917 and Bern 1918).

In November 1917, Rudolf Minger set up the Bern Party of Farmers and Independents (Bernischen Bauern- und Bürgerpartei, BGB) following a meeting held at an assembly hall in Bern known as the Bierhübeli (de)[2] his party was first represented in the Federal Council of the cantonal government from 1929 to 1940. Like Minger himself, all the party's other Federal Councillors came from the canton of Bern: Eduard von Steiger (1941–51), Markus Feldmann (1952–58), Friedrich Traugott Wahlen (1959–65) and Rudolf Gnägi (1966–79). However, Bern was not the only canton in which the party was represented: it also existed in the cantons of Aargau, Baselland, Freiburg, Schaffhausen, Tessin, Thurgau, Waadt and Zürich.

In 1971, the Party of Farmers, Traders and Independents combined with the Democratic Party of the cantons of Glarus and Graubünden to form the Swiss People's Party.

Notes and references

  1. Gabriel, Jürg Martin (1983). How Switzerland is governed. Schweizer Spiegel Verlag. p. 49. 
  2. See Simple English Wikipedia article

External links

The above is a translation from the German Wikipedia at de:Bauern-, Gewerbe- und Bürgerpartei