Patriarch Metrophanes of Alexandria

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Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa
File:Kritopoulos 1589-1639.JPG
Metrophanes Kritopoulos
Church Eastern Orthodox Church
See Alexandria
Installed 1636
Term ended 1639
Predecessor Gerasimus Ι
Successor Nicephorus
Personal details
Birth name Metrophanes Kritopoulos
Born ca. 1589
Veria, Ottoman Empire
Died 30 May 1639
Wallachia, Ottoman Empire
Occupation Theology, Greek literature, and philosophy

Mêtrophanês Kritopoulos, sometimes Critopoulos, Critopoulus, Kritopulus (Greek: Μητροφάνης Κριτόπουλος, ca. 1589 – 30 May 1639)[1] was a Greek[2] monk and theologian who served as Greek Patriarch of Alexandria between 1636 and 1639.


Metrophanes Kritopoulos was a Greek[3][4] born in Veria, Macedonia in 1589. Originally a monk on Mount Athos, he was a close associate of Cyril Lucaris. He studied at the University of Oxford in England (1617–24, funded by James I) and in Germany. He travelled to Europe and mingled with the greatest scholars and theologians of his day. He made Orthodoxy known in the West and was particularly concerned with the problem of unifying the Orthodox Church with the churches of Western Europe.[5] He taught Greek in Vienna (1627–30). After a period as bishop of Memphis in Egypt, he was elected patriarch of Alexandria on 1636, where he put together an important library. He died in Wallachia on 1639.

See also


  • "Mitrophanes Kritikopoulos (1636–1639)". Official web site of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa. Retrieved 2011-02-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  1. "Metrophanes Kritopoulos". Retrieved 2009-08-25. Metrophanes Kritopoulos Greek patriarch and theologian - born 1589, Beroea, Macedonia, Ottoman Empire died May 30, 1639, Walachia<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Eliade, Mircea – Adams, Charles J. (1987). The Encyclopedia of religion. Macmillan. p. 189. ISBN 0-02-909730-4. He also exchanged letters with George Abbot, archbishop of Canterbury, and in 1617 he sent a young Greek monk, Metrophanes Kritopoulos (1589-1639), to study at Oxford. Kritopoulos remained in England until 1624, later becoming patriarch of Alexandria (1636-1639). <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Davey, Colin (1987). Pioneer for unity: Mētrophanēs Kritopoulos (1589–1639) and relations between the Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Reformed churches. British Council of Churches. p. 209. ISBN 0-85169-152-8. Critopulus, a Greek, now residing at Altdorf<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Hibbert, Christopher; Hibbert, Edward (1988). The encyclopaedia of Oxford. Macmillan. p. 26. ISBN 0-333-39917-X. early 17th century for a succession of Greek members, including Metrophanes Kritopoulos (subsequently Patriarch of Alexandria),…<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Metrophanes Kritopoulos". Britannica. Retrieved 2009-08-25. Metrophanes Kritopoulos, Greek patriarch and theologian – born 1589, Beroea, Macedonia, Ottoman Empire; died May 30, 1639, Walachia, Ottoman Empire – Greek Orthodox patriarch of Alexandria, Egypt, and theologian whose discussions with European Protestants concluded with his writing an exposition of Eastern Orthodox doctrine in an attempt at Christian unity.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

Eastern Orthodox Church titles
Preceded by
Gerasimus I
Greek Patriarch of Alexandria
Succeeded by