Pauillac

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This article is about the French commune. For the Appellation d'origine contrôlée, see Pauillac AOC.
Pauillac
Chateau Lafite
Chateau Lafite
File:Blason ville fr Pauillac (Gironde).svg
Coat of arms
Pauillac is located in France
Pauillac
Pauillac
Coordinates: Coordinates: Unknown argument format
Country France
Region Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes
Department Gironde
Arrondissement Lesparre-Médoc
Canton Pauillac
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Sébastien Hournau
Area1 22.74 km2 (8.78 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 5,195
 • Density 230/km2 (590/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 33544 / 33250
Elevation 0–29 m (0–95 ft)
(avg. 6 m or 20 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Pauillac (Occitan: Paulhac) is a commune in the Gironde department in Aquitaine in southwestern France.

History

The United States Navy established a naval air station on 1 December 1917 to operate seaplanes during World War I. The base closed shortly after the First Armistice at Compiègne.[1]

Port

Near the centre of town is a marina with moorings for about 150 boats. 2300m north of this is a floating platform where the very large Airbus A380 wings and fuselage sections are transferred from sea-going RORO ferries to barges. The parts are manufactured in Broughton, UK and Germany. The barges take them through Bordeaux to a dock at Langon and then by oversize road convoy to the assembly plant at Blagnac, Toulouse. See Itinéraire à Grand Gabarit for more details of the transportation.

Population

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 2,858 —    
1800 2,014 −29.5%
1806 2,599 +29.0%
1821 2,640 +1.6%
1831 3,352 +27.0%
1836 3,658 +9.1%
1841 3,805 +4.0%
1846 3,752 −1.4%
1851 3,900 +3.9%
1856 3,727 −4.4%
1861 3,863 +3.6%
1866 3,621 −6.3%
1872 4,222 +16.6%
1876 4,145 −1.8%
1881 4,735 +14.2%
1886 623 −86.8%
1891 4,564 +632.6%
1896 5,180 +13.5%
1901 6,125 +18.2%
1906 5,914 −3.4%
1911 5,872 −0.7%
1921 5,292 −9.9%
1926 4,650 −12.1%
1931 4,836 +4.0%
1936 5,452 +12.7%
1946 5,367 −1.6%
1954 5,609 +4.5%
1962 5,703 +1.7%
1968 5,640 −1.1%
1975 6,363 +12.8%
1982 6,145 −3.4%
1990 5,670 −7.7%
1999 5,175 −8.7%
2008 5,195 +0.4%

File:Pauillac tanker unloading.jpg

Wine

Main article: Pauillac AOC

The commune consists of only 3,000 acres (12 km²) of vineyards in the Haut-Médoc between the villages of Saint-Julien to the south and Saint-Estèphe to the north, but is home to three of Bordeaux's five first-growth wines: Château Lafite Rothschild, Château Latour, and Château Mouton Rothschild.

Selection of Pauillac estates

See also

References

  1. Van Wyen, Adrian O. (1969). Naval Aviation in World War I. Washington, D.C.: Chief of Naval Operations. p. 45.