Paul Shan Kuo-hsi

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His Eminence
Paul Shan Kuo-hsi
Bishop Emeritus of Kaosiung
File:Paul Shan Kuo-hsi (cropped).jpg
Cardinal Shan
Diocese Roman Catholic Diocese of Kaohsiung
Installed June 17, 1991
Term ended January 5, 2006
Predecessor Joseph Cheng
Successor Peter Liu
Ordination 1955
Consecration 1980
Created Cardinal February 21, 1998
Personal details
Born (1923-12-03)December 3, 1923
Puyang, Zhili, China
Died August 22, 2012(2012-08-22) (aged 88)
New Taipei City, Taiwan
Denomination Roman Catholic
Styles of
Paul Shan Kuo-hsi
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Kaohsiung (emeritus)

Paul Shan Kuo-hsi, S.J. (Chinese language: 單國璽; pinyin: Shàn Guóxǐ) (December 3, 1923 – August 22, 2012) was a cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church. He was at times the bishop of Hualien and Kaohsiung and the chairman of Fu Jen Catholic University.


Born in Puyang, Zhili province (now Puyang, Henan province) of China.[1] He joined Society of Jesus on September 11, 1946; took religious vows, September 12, 1948 and final vows on February 2, 1963. He was ordained on March 18, 1955 in Baguio, Philippines.[1]

He attended the St. Joseph Regional Seminary, Chiughsien; Berchmans College, Manila, where he earned a licentiate in philosophy. He went on to attend Bellarmine College, Baguio, Philippines being awarded a licentiate in theology. He also attended the Xavier University earning a diploma in education science and finally the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome where he was awarded a doctorate in theology. Besides Mandarin, his first language, he also spoke Latin, English, French, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese.

After his ordination to the priesthood in 1955, he did further studies in Novaliches from 1955–1957. He then served as director of the Chinese section of Sacred Heart School, Cebu from 1957–1959, after which he took time to pursue doctoral studies in Rome. He served as assistant of master of novices, Thuduc, Vietnam from 1959–1963, then Master of novices and rector of Manresa House, Changhua, Taiwan from 1963–1970. He went on to serve as rector of St. Ignatius Institute in Taipei from 1970–1976 and president of the Catholic Schools Association, Taiwan from 1972–1976. He was appointed episcopal vicar of Taipei in 1976 holding the post until 1979.

He was appointed Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Hualien, in Hualien, Taiwan, on November 15, 1979, by Pope John Paul II, and after his episcopal consecration was installed as Bishop of Hualien on February 14, 1981. After his service there, he was transferred and appointed Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Kaohsiung, in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, also by Pope John Paul II, on March 4, 1991. He was installed as Bishop of Kaohsiung on June 17, 1991.

He was appointed Cardinal-Priest of the Titulus S. Chrysogoni by Pope John Paul II on February 21, 1998, and was, following the death of Cardinal Ignatius Kung in 2000, and then Cardinal John Wu in 2002, and before the elevation of Cardinal Joseph Zen, the only known living Chinese Cardinal (a Cardinal appointed in pectore by Pope John Paul II in 2003 was rumored to reside in mainland China, but that appointment expired with the Pontiff's death since the Cardinal's name was never published). He retired in January 2006, and died on Wednesday, August 22, 2012, after a battle with a pneumonia infection, having also battled lung cancer since his diagnosis in August 2006, eight months after his retirement.[1][2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Wooden, Cindy (August 23, 2012). "Cardinal Shan of Taiwan dies at 88; pope praises his service to church". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved August 26, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Cardinal Paul Shan dies at age 89 after battle with lung cancer". China Post. August 23, 2012. Retrieved August 23, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

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Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Bernard Yago
Cardinal Priest of San Crisogono
Succeeded by
Andrew Yeom Soo-jung
Preceded by
Matthew Kia
Bishop of Hualien
Succeeded by
Andrew Tsien
Preceded by
Joseph Cheng
Bishop of Kaohsiung
Succeeded by
Peter Liu