Pedro Nuño Colón de Portugal, 6th Duke of Veragua

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Don
Pedro Nuño Colón de Portugal
Duque de Veragua
Caballero del Toisón de Oro
PedroNugnoColondePortugal.jpg
Viceroy of New Spain
In office
December 3, 1673 – December 8, 1673
Monarch Charles II
Preceded by Antonio Sebastián de Toledo, 2nd Marquis of Mancera
Succeeded by Payo Enríquez de Rivera
Personal details
Born 1615
Madrid, Spain
Died December 8, 1673(1673-12-08) (aged 44)
Mexico City, New Spain
Spouse(s) Isabel de la Cueva y Enriquez de Cabrera
Religion Catholic

Pedro Nuño Colón de Portugal y Castro, (Madrid, Spain, 13 December 1628 – December 8, 1673, Mexico City) was viceroy of New Spain from December 8, 1673 to December 13, 1673. He was 6th Duke of Veragua, 6th Marquis of Jamaica and 6th Count of Gelves (in full, Don Pedro Nuño Colón de Portugal y Castro, Duque de Veragua, Marqués de la Jamaica y de Villamizar, y Conde de los Gelves).

A view on this descendant of Christopher Columbus in 17th century Imperial Spain

Colón de Portugal was a direct descendant of Christopher Columbus and a knight of Order of the Golden Fleece, 1670. He also held the positions of admiral and governor of the Indies. He was the first viceroy of New Spain named under the authority of King Charles II. His term was the shortest of all the viceroys'. He died five days after formally taking up the position.

On April 28, 1672, Enrique de Toledo y Osorio, Marquis of Villafranca was named viceroy of New Spain, but he declined the post.

Colón de Portugal was named viceroy on June 10, 1672, and he arrived in Veracruz in September 1673. He delayed some time in Veracruz to look over the fortifications there. Spain was now at war with France.

He arrived at Chapultepec November 16, 1673, and remained there three weeks for reasons of health before making his entry into Mexico City. He took possession of the government the night of November 20, but delayed exercising the functions of government. He finally made his solemn entry into Mexico City on December 8, 1673, and he died on December 13. His government is dated from December 8, rather than November 20.

One of his few official acts was to lower the prices of cacao and maize.

He died at 5 in the morning. His funeral was conducted with great solemnity in the cathedral, where his remains were deposited in the chapel of Santo Cristo. Some historians claim that his remains were later moved to Spain, but others claim they are still in the cathedral.

The day of his death Inquisitor Juan de Ortega delivered sealed instructions to the Audiencia that in the event of the death of Pedro Nuño Colón de Portugal, the government was to be transferred to Payo Enríquez de Rivera, archbishop of Mexico.

Further evolution of the Christopher Columbus direct family descedants at the end of the 17th century

His first marriage, dated 8 February 1652, when he was 18, was to Isabel de la Cueva y Enriquez de Cabrera, daughter of Francisco Fernández de la Cueva, 8th Duke of Alburquerque.

They had a son named Pedro Manuel Colón de Portugal, 7th duke of Veragua, (1651 - 1710), a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, 1675, Viceroy of Valencia, 1696, Viceroy of Sicily, 1696 - 1701, and Viceroy of Sardinia, 1706 - 1708.

This son, the 7th duke since 1673, married on 30 August 1674 Teresa de Ayala Toledo y Fajardo de Mendoza, born around 1650. In due time, a daughter of this 7th Duke, Catalina Ventura (1690 - 1739), sister of the 8th Duke of Veragua, Pedro Nuño again, would marry in her second marriage, famous James Fitz-James Stuart, 2nd Duke of Berwick,(Saint Germain en Laye, France, 21 October 1696 - Naples, Italy, 2 June 1738), Spanish Ambassador in Russia.

Additional information

Sources

  • García Purón, Manuel (1984). México y sus gobernantes (in Spanish). 1. Mexico City: Joaquín Porrua.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Orozco Linares, Fernando (1985). Gobernantes de México (in Spanish). Mexico City: Panorama Editorial. ISBN 968-38-0260-5.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Orozco Linares, Fernando (1988). Fechas Históricas de México (in Spanish). Mexico City: Panorama Editorial. ISBN 968-38-0046-7.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Hobbs, Nicolas (2007). "Grandes de España" (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 October 2008.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Government offices
Preceded by
Antonio Sebastián de Toledo, 2nd Marquis of Mancera
Viceroy of New Spain
1673
Succeeded by
Payo Enríquez de Rivera
Military offices
Preceded by
Álvaro Colón, 5th Duke of Veragua
Admiral of the Indies
1636-1673
Succeeded by
Pedro Manuel Colón de Portugal, 7th Duke of Veragua
Spanish nobility
Preceded by
Álvaro Colón, 5th Duke of Veragua
Duke of Veragua
1636-1673
Succeeded by
Pedro Manuel Colón de Portugal, 7th Duke of Veragua
Marquis of Jamaica
1636-1673
Preceded by
Catalina de Castro y Portugal, 5th Countess of Gelves
Count of Gelves
1634-1673