By the late 19th century, prosthetics vendors would offer peg legs as cheaper alternatives to more intricate lifelike artificial legs. Even as vendors touted advantages of more complicated prostheses over simple peg legs, according to a contemporary surgeon, many patients found a peg leg more comfortable for walking. According to medical reports, some amputees were able to adjust to the use of a peg leg so well that they could walk 10, or even 30, miles in one day.
Nowadays, wooden peg legs have been replaced by more modern materials, though some sports prostheses do have the same form.
Notable peg leg wearers
- François Leclerc (~1554), privateer
- Cornelis Jol, (1597–1641), privateer and admiral of the Dutch West India Company
- Peter Stuyvesant (1612–1672), Dutch director-general of New Amsterdam 
- Blas de Lezo (1687–1741), Spanish admiral
- Gouverneur Morris (1752–1816), American politician
- Józef Sowiński (1777–1831), Polish 19th century general
- Albert Chmielowski (1845–1916), Polish artist, founder of the Albertine Brothers and Sisters, saint of the Catholic Church
- Daniel Sullivan (~1871), Chicagoan
- Thomas L. "Pegleg" Smith (1801–1866), American prospector
- Robert McAlpin Williamson (1804? – December 22, 1859), nicknamed "Three legged Willie", Republic of Texas Supreme Court Justice, state lawmaker and Texas Ranger.
- Clayton Bates (Peg Leg Bates) (1907–1998), dancer, amputee RAK
- Peg Leg Sam (Arthur Jackson) (1911–1977) American blues musician
- Dennis Collins, British sailor
- Alastor "Mad-Eye" Moody, character from the Harry Potter books and movies.
- Captain Ahab, character in Moby-Dick
- Barquentine (Gormenghast), character in Gormenghast.
- Fidget from The Great Mouse Detective.
- Hector Barbossa, a character in Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides.
- Jonathan Small a character in the Sherlock Holmes story The Sign of the Four.
- Lucky Jack from Home on the Range.
- Pete, Disney's oldest recurring character.
- Russell from Happy Tree Friends.
- Seamus, a character in the American animated television series Family Guy who has two peglegs as well as two "peg arms".
- Silas Wegg, character in Our Mutual Friend by Charles Dickens
- Wirt, character in the computer games Diablo and Diablo II. His pegleg can be used to open the Secret Cow Level.
- Hiccup Horrendous Haddock III, character from the Dragons (e.g. How to Train Your Dragon) movies.
- Eli Vance, character in the computer game series Half-Life 2.
- Bradford and Foster Brook Railway is also known as the "Peg Leg" from its wooden support piles.
- Fulton Chain Railroad is also known as the "Peg Leg" from its wooden rails.
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- "...he lost his leg at Saint Martin.."
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