Pesnya goda

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Pesnya goda (Russian: Песня года), meaning "Song of the Year" was a Soviet televised music festival that subsequently became a Russian festival. First held in 1971, it became the main event of the year for Soviet singers and musical groups, akin to the American Grammy. During the year, popular songs were selected each month for inclusion in the festival. Each December, a concert was filmed featuring live performances of the finalists chosen from the selected songs, although many performers lip synched their songs to ensure a perfect recording. The concert was aired on television in early January, as part of the New Year's festivities.


In many ways, the history of "Pesnya goda" mirrored the history of the former Soviet Union. The songs selected for the initial festivals were strictly censored and required to be consistent with the social norms established by the Communist Party. The performers were all conservatory graduates in good standing with pristine reputations and conservative looks. Over time as Soviet society became more liberal and in the 1980s during the era of perestroika, the festival began to include a broader range of musical styles, song lyrics, and performers.

In the 1990s, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, "Pesnya goda" was reborn and became part of the new society's New Year's tradition, providing an escape from the harsh socioeconomic realities of life in Russia in the 1990s. In the 2000s, the festival became a television extravaganza featuring the most commercially successful and popular artists of Russian pop and rock music.

All performers included in the televised final of the festival are considered "winners" and referred to as such in the media. The two performers that have received the most inclusions in Pesnya goda are Sofia Rotaru, who was in the festival each year from 1973 to 2012, except for 2002, and Lev Leshchenko who was in the festival each year from 1971 to 2012, except for 1989, 2005, and 2007. Other artists that have been perennial Pesnya goda winners include Iosif Kobzon, Valentina Tolkunova, Edita Piekha, Laima Vaikule, Igor Nikolayev, Irina Allegrova, Valery Leontiev and Alla Pugacheva.

The best known hosts of the festival are Angelina Vovk and Evgueny Menishov, who hosted it from 1988 until 2006, Anna Shilova and Igor Kirillov, who hosted it from 1971 until 1975, and Svetlana Zhiltsova and Alexander Maslyakov, who hosted it from 1976 until 1979. The most recent hosts are Lera Kudryavtseva and Sergey Lazarev, who have been hosting it since 2007.

Records and statistics

Appearances in finals

NO. Name Finals
1 Sofia Rotaru 42
1 Lev Leshchenko 42
2 Joseph Kobzon 38
3 Valery Leontiev 33
4 Valentina Tolkunova 25
5 Philipp Kirkorov 24
5 Laima Vaikule 24
5 Igor Nikolayev 24
5 Irina Allegrova 24
6 Edita Piekha 22
7 Larisa Dolina 21
7 Anzhelika Varum 21
7 Leonid Agutin 21
8 Vyacheslav Dobrynin 20
8 Aleksander Serov 20
8 Valery Meladze 20
9 Alla Pugacheva 19
9 Oleg Gazmanov 19
10 Alexander Buinov 18
11 Kristina Orbakaitė 17
12 Dmitry Malikov 16
12 Alsou 16
13 Natasha Koroleva 15
13 Diskoteka Avariya 15
14 Nadezhda Babkina 14
14 Alexander Malinin 14
14 Boris Moiseev 14
14 Valeriya 14
14 Nikolay Baskov 14
15 A-Studio 13
16 Muslim Magomayev 12
16 Big Children's Choir 12
16 Lyube 12
16 Tatiana Ovsiyenko 12
16 Jasmin 12
17 Dima Bilan 11


See also

  • Red stars : Personality and the Soviet Popular Song, 1955-1991 author: David MacFadyen, editor: Montreal : McGill-Queen's University Press, ©2001.

See also


External links