Peter Quennell

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Sir Peter Courtney Quennell CBE (9 March 1905 – 27 October 1993) was an English biographer, literary historian, editor, essayist, poet, and critic.[1]


Born in Bickley, Kent, the son of architect C. H. B. Quennell and Marjorie Quennell, he wrote extensively on social history. Educated at Berkhamsted Grammar School and at Balliol College, Oxford, he first practised journalism in London. While still at school some of his poems were selected by Richard Hughes for the anthology Public School Verse, which brought him to the attention of writers such as Edith Sitwell.

In 1922 he published his first book, Masques and Poems. This was followed by many other volumes, particularly his Four Portraits of 1945 (studies of Boswell, Gibbon, Sterne, and Wilkes), books on London and works on Baudelaire (1929), Byron (1934–35), Pope (1949), Ruskin (1949), Hogarth (1955), Shakespeare (1963), Proust (1971) and Dr Johnson (1972).

In 1930 he taught at the University of Tokyo. In 1944–51, he was editor of the Cornhill Magazine and from 1951 to 1979 founder-editor of History Today.

Quennell published two volumes of autobiography, The Marble Foot (1976) and Wanton Chase (1980). He was married five times, and had two children, a daughter Sarah from his third marriage and Alexander from his fifth. He died in London.

He was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) and was later knighted.


  • Masques & Poems (1922)
  • Oxford Poetry (1924) editor with Harold Acton
  • Poems (1926)
  • Inscription on a Fountainhead (1929), poems
  • Baudelaire And The Symbolists: Five Essays (1929)
  • Memoirs of the Comte de Gramont (1930) with Anthony Hamilton
  • The Phoenix Kind (1931)
  • A Superficial Journey Through Tokyo and Peking (1932)
  • A Letter to Mrs. Virginia Woolf (Hogarth Press 1932)
  • Aspects of Seventeenth Century Verse (1933), editor
  • Byron (1935)
  • Somerset (1936), Shell Guide with C.H.B. Quennell
  • The Private Letters of Princess Lieven to Prince Metternich 1820–1826 (1937), editor
  • Victorian Panorama: a survey of life & fashion from contemporary photographs (1937)
  • Sympathy (1938), stories
  • To Lord Byron: Feminine Profiles - based upon unpublished letters 1807–1824 (1939) with George Paston
  • Caroline of England: An Augustan Portrait (1940)
  • Brown the Bear: Who scared the villagers out of their wits (circa 1940), translator Katharine Busvine
  • Byron In Italy (1941)
  • Byron: the Years of Fame (1943)
  • Four Portraits: Studies of the Eighteenth Century - James Boswell, Edward Gibbon, Laurence Sterne, John Wilkes (1945)
  • Time Exposure (1946) with Cecil Beaton
  • John Ruskin, The Portrait of a Prophet (1949)
  • The Pleasures Of Pope (1949)
  • Mayhew's London (1949)
  • My Heart Laid Bare and Other Prose Writings by Charles Baudelaire (1950), editor, translator Norman Cameron
  • Byron: A Self-Portrait - Letters and Diaries 1798–1824 (2 Volumes) (1950), editor
  • London's Underworld by Henry Mayhew (1951), editor
  • Mayhew's Characters (1951)
  • The Singular Preference (1952)
  • Spring In Sicily (1952), travel book
  • Selected writings of John Ruskin (1952), editor
  • Diversions of History (1954)
  • Hogarth's Progress (1955)
  • Selected Verse and Prose Works Including Letters and Extracts from Lord Byron's Journal and Diaries, 1959
  • The Past We Share. An Illustrated History of the British and American Peoples (1960), with Alan Hodge
  • The Sign of the Fish (1960)
  • Byronic Thoughts: Maxims Reflections Portraits From the Prose and Verse of Lord Byron (1961)
  • Selected Essays of Henry de Montherlant (1961), editor, John Weightman translator
  • The Prodigal Rake – memoirs of William Hickey (1962), editor
  • Edward Lear in Southern Italy: Journals of a Landscape Painter in southern Calabria and the Kingdom of Naples (1964), introduction
  • Alexander Pope: The education of genius 1688–1728 (1968)
  • Henry De Montherlant, with translator Terence Kilmartin
  • The Girls, A Tetraology of Novels : The Girls, Pity for Women, The Hippograf & The Lepers
  • The Colosseum - a History of Rome from the Time of Nero (1971)
  • Shakespeare, a biography (1963)
  • The Journal of Thomas Moore (1964) editor
  • Who's Who in Shakespeare (1971)
  • Casanova in London (1971), essays
  • Marcel Proust, 1871-1922 - A Centennial Volume (1971)
  • Samuel Johnson - his friends and enemies (1973)
  • Romantic England Writing And Painting 1717–1851 (1970)
  • A History of English Literature (1973)
  • The Marble Foot: An Autobiography, 1905–1938 (1977)
  • The Day Before Yesterday (1978)
  • Vladimir Nabokov, a Tribute (1979) editor
  • Customs and characters: Contemporary portraits (1982)
  • Wanton Chase: An Autobiography from 1939 (1980)
  • Genius in the Drawing Room (UK)/Affairs of the Mind: the Salon in Europe and America (1980), editor
  • A Lonely Business: A Self-Portrait of James Pope-Hennessy (1981) editor
  • The Selected Essays of Cyril Connolly (1984) editor
  • The Last Edwardians: An Illustrated History of Violet Trefusis and Alice Keppel (1985) with John Phillips and Lorna Sage
  • An Illustrated Companion to World Literature (1986) editor, original Tore Zetterholm
  • The Pursuit of Happiness (1988)


  1. The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. 9. Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2003. p. 852. ISBN 978-0-85229-961-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

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