Peter Jan Schoomaker
General Peter J. Schoomaker
35th Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army
February 12, 1946 |
|Allegiance||United States of America|
||United States Army|
|Years of service||1969–2000, 2003–2007|
|Commands held||Army Chief of Staff
United States Special Operations Command
|Battles/wars||Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm|
|Awards||Defense Distinguished Service Medal
Army Distinguished Service Medal
Defense Superior Service Medal
Legion of Merit
Defense Meritorious Service Medal
Meritorious Service Medal
|Relations||LTG Eric Schoomaker (brother)|
Peter Jan Schoomaker (born February 12, 1946) is a retired four-star general of the United States Army and served as the 35th Chief of Staff of the United States Army from August 1, 2003 to April 10, 2007. Schoomaker's appointment as Chief of Staff was unique in that he was recalled and came out from retirement to assume the position. Schoomaker voluntarily retired from the Army for the second time in 2007 after completing the full four-year term as Chief of Staff.
Prior to his last assignment, Schoomaker spent over 30 years in a variety of assignments with both conventional and special operations forces – he is the first Special Forces-trained Army Chief of Staff and the second to serve on the Joint Chiefs of Staff (General Henry H. Shelton was the first, when he served as Chairman).
Schoomaker was born on February 12, 1946 in Michigan. He was raised in an army family. After attending East Lansing High School, Schoomaker graduated from the University of Wyoming in 1969 with a Bachelor of Science degree in education administration. A football player, he was a starter on Wyoming's Sugar Bowl team. He holds a Master of Arts degree in management from Central Michigan University, and an Honorary Doctorate of Laws from Hampden-Sydney College.
Schoomaker participated in numerous deployment operations including Eagle Claw in Iran, Urgent Fury in Grenada, Just Cause in Panama, Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm in Southwest Asia, Uphold Democracy in Haiti, and supported various other operations.
After being commissioned as a second lieutenant after participating in the ROTC program at the University of Wyoming, he went to the Armor School at Fort Knox. Schoomaker soon became a Reconnaissance Platoon Leader and Rifle Company Commander with 2nd Battalion, 4th Infantry, and a Cavalry Troop Commander with 1st Squadron, 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment in Germany. He then served in Korea as the S-3 Operations Officer of 1st Battalion, 73rd Armor, 2nd Infantry Division. From 1978 to 1981, he commanded a squadron of the 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment - Delta (1st SFOD-D), commonly known to the public as "Delta Force", at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. Following a year at the Army's Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, General Schoomaker served as the Squadron Executive Officer, 2nd Squadron, 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment in Germany. In August 1983, he returned to Fort Bragg, to serve as Special Operations Officer, J-3, Joint Special Operations Command. From August 1985 to August 1988, General Schoomaker commanded another squadron of the 1st SFOD-D. Following the National War College in Washington, D.C., he returned to command Delta Force from June 1989 to July 1992. Subsequently, General Schoomaker served as the Assistant Division Commander of the 1st Cavalry Division, Fort Hood, Texas, followed by a tour in the Headquarters, Department of the Army staff as the Deputy Director for Operations, Readiness and Mobilization.
General Schoomaker served as the Commanding General of the Joint Special Operations Command from July 1994 to August 1996, followed by command of the United States Army Special Operations Command at Fort Bragg, North Carolina through October 1997. His most recent assignment prior to assuming duties as the Army Chief of Staff was as Commander in Chief, United States Special Operations Command at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, from November 1997 to November 2000. According to the 9/11 Commission, Schoomaker wanted to take action against Al Qaeda in Afghanistan using his special operators but was unable to gain approval for the mission.
After his retirement from active duty, Schoomaker served as a Director for DynCorp, as well as on the advisory boards of Camber Corporation and EWA-Government Systems Inc. Concurrently, Schoomaker was the Director of CAE USA Inc. (from November 2007 to February 2009), where he still serves a member of the Human Resources Committee as well as an independent director and consultant on defense matters. Schoomaker is also currently a Director of Aeroflex Incorporated and several private and non-profit companies, including the Special Operations Warrior Foundation.
Decorations and badges
|Defense Distinguished Service Medal (with two bronze oak leaf clusters)|
|Army Distinguished Service Medal (with oak leaf cluster)|
|Defense Superior Service Medal (with three oak leaf clusters)|
|Legion of Merit (with two oak leaf clusters)|
|Bronze Star (with oak leaf cluster)|
|Defense Meritorious Service Medal (with two oak leaf clusters)|
|Meritorious Service Medal (with two oak leaf clusters)|
|Joint Service Commendation Medal|
|Joint Service Achievement Medal|
|Joint Meritorious Unit Award (with oak leaf cluster)|
|Valorous Unit Award (with oak leaf cluster)|
|National Defense Service Medal (with award star)|
|Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (with two campaign stars)|
|Southwest Asia Service Medal (with two campaign stars)|
|Humanitarian Service Medal|
|Army Service Ribbon|
|Overseas Service Ribbon (with award numeral 3)|
|Canadian Meritorious Service Cross (Military Division)|
|Kuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia)|
|Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait)|
- Thom Shanker (June 11, 2003, Late Edition - Final). "Retired Commando Chief Is Chosen to Lead the Army". New York Times. p. Section A, Page 20, Column 1. Retrieved December 12, 2006. Check date values in:
- Bell, William Gardner (2005). "Peter Schoomaker". Commanding Generals and Chiefs of Staff 1775-2005:Portraits & Biographical Sketches of the United States Army's Senior Officer. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. pp. 166–170. ISBN 0-16-072376-0. CMH Pub 70–14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- DynCorp press release
- Forbes Magazine profile: Peter J. Schoomaker
- CAE, Inc. Schoomaker bio
- Aeroflex Schoomaker bio
- American Corporate Partners biography of Schoomaker
- Times Hall of Valor
- DefenseLINK: DefenseLINK News Photos
- Shoomaker receives Meritorious Service Cross
- Bell, William Gardner (2005). "Peter Jan Schoomaker". Commanding Generals & Chiefs of Staff 1775-2005. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. Retrieved November 2, 2007.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Peter Schoomaker.|
- "ON THE ARMY'S RESET STRATEGY AND PLAN FOR FUNDING RESET REQUIREMENTS" (PDF). June 27, 2006.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> An assessment of Army preparedness in terms of manpower, equipment, and funding. Delivered before the House Committee on the Armed Services.
- Sally B. Donnelly and Douglas Waller (April 22, 2005). "Ten Questions With Peter Schoomaker, TIME talks to the Army Chief of Staff". TIME Magazine. Retrieved December 13, 2006.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Eric K. Shinseki
|Chief of Staff of the United States Army
George W. Casey, Jr.