Phan Huy Quát

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Dr. Phan Huy Quát
In this Vietnamese name, the family name is Phan. According to Vietnamese custom, this person should properly be referred to by the given name Quat.

Dr. Phan Huy Quát (Hà Tĩnh Province, 1908 or 1 July 1909 – 27 April 1979) served as acting Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam and also as Prime Minister of the Republic of Vietnam.[1][2][3]

Life

Quát was born in Hà Tĩnh Province. He attended the Lycée Pellerin, Huế, then studied medicine in Hanoi and qualified as a doctor before entering politics.

On 2 July 1949, Quát was appointed Minister of Education by Head of State Bảo Đại. On 22 January 1950, Prime Minister Nguyễn Phan Long appointed Quát Minister of Defense, at which position he had only served briefly before the Cabinet was re-organized and he returned to working for the Đại Việt Quốc dân đảng.

In June 1953, Prime Minister Nguyễn Văn Tâm appointed Quát Minister of Defense. Quát would be in this position until 1954 when Prince Bửu Lộc became Prime Minister who appointed Quát Special Minister in charge of the democratization process for Vietnam. Dr. Quát then served briefly as an interim Prime Minister until Bảo Đại appointed Ngô Đình Diệm to the position.

In April 1960, Quát signed the Caravelle Manifesto, a list of grievances and demands specifically critical of Diệm, and was promptly jailed by the GVN. After Diệm's assassination in October 1963, Quát was appointed Foreign Minister by Major General Nguyễn Khánh, one of the principal participants in the bloody coup. Though Quát frequently criticized Khánh's self-serving rule, he remained in Khánh's cabinet until November 1964, when Trần Văn Hương was installed as Prime Minister of General Khánh's freshly created High National Council (HNC).[4]

On 16 February 1965, the Armed Forces Council, a group of South Vietnamese military officers who took over when General Khánh deposed Hương and the HNC, secured Quát's appointment to Prime Minister in order to foil a power grab by the junta chief Khánh, who intended to install the economist Nguyễn Xuân Oánh as his puppet in the Prime Minister post. Khánh himself was forced to step down after a coup on 19/20 February and was subsequently exiled. Air Marshal Nguyễn Cao Kỳ then led the junta that oversaw the civilian cabinet. [5]

In 1965, Kỳ was appointed Prime Minister and Nguyễn Văn Thiệu became President by a special joint meeting of military leaders following the voluntary resignation of civilian President Sửu. After leaving the Prime Minister post, Dr. Quát returned to his medical practice. He remained in politics until 1975 by working with the Asia Anti-Communist League (Liên Minh Á Châu Chống Cộng) as Chairman of its Vietnamese office.[citation needed]

Last years/death

After the fall of Saigon, Quát went into hiding. In August 1975, he was arrested and jailed at Chí Hòa Prison after a failed attempt to escape from Vietnam. It was there that he died of liver failure on 27 April 1979. The official report indicated that Quát had died from "a stroke, heart attack and liver failure".[citation needed]

References

  1. Ronald B. Frankum Jr. Historical Dictionary of the War in Vietnam 2011 p.360 Phan Huy Quát (1911—1979). Medical doctor and prime minister of the Republic of Vietnam (RVN). Phan Huy Quát was a leading member of the Nationalist Party of Greater Vietnam (Dai Viet Qu6c Dan Dang) and served first as minister of ...
  2. Bruce M. Lockhart, William J. Duiker The A to Z of Vietnam 2010 p.309 "Phan Huy Quát (1901—1975). Nationalist party leader and onetime civilian prime minister of the Republic of Vietnam (RVN). A member of the Bai Viet Party, Phan Huy Quát was active "
  3. Justin Corfield Historical Dictionary of Ho Chi Minh City 2013 p240 "The acting prime minister of the State of Vietnam in June 1954, and the prime minister of the Republic of Vietnam from February until June 1965, Phan Huy Quat was born on 1 July 1909 in Ha Tinh in Central Vietnam. He attended Lycée Pellerin in Hue"
  4. VanDeMark, Brian (1991). Into the Quagmire: Lyndon Johnson and the Escalation of the Vietnam War. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 79. ISBN 0195065069. 
  5. VanDeMark 1991, p. 80.
Political offices
Preceded by
Nguyễn Xuân Oánh
Prime Minister of the Republic of Vietnam
1965
Succeeded by
Nguyễn Cao Kỳ

External links

References

  • Nghiem Ke To (August 20, 1954). Việt Nam Máu Lửa [Vietnam, Blood and Fire] (in Vietnamese). Saigon: Vo Van Van. 
  • Doan Them. 1965:Viec Tung Ngay [1965:a day-by-day account] (in Vietnamese). Saigon: Pham Quang Khai. 
  • Doan Them. Hai Muoi Nam Qua 1945-1964:Viec Tung Ngay [Twenty Years Ago 1945-1964:a day-by-day account] (in Vietnamese). Saigon: Pham Quang Khai.