|Suburb of Dublin|
|• Local Authority||Dublin City Council|
|• Dáil Éireann||Dublin Central|
|Elevation||49 m (161 ft)|
|Irish Grid Reference||O055383|
Phibsborough (pronounced /ˈfɪbzbərə/; Irish: Baile Phib), also spelled Phibsboro, is a mixed commercial and residential neighbourhood in Dublin Ireland. It encompasses Baile Phib from the Royal Canal at Cross Guns Bridge, along with Glasmanogue, Broadstone, site of the Midland Great Western Railway Terminus, which now the headquarters of Bus Eireann and Dublin Bus, and Mountjoy. Glasmanogue was the name of a former common along the Phibsborough Road, north of the culverted Bradogue river.
Phibsborough is located about two kilometres north of the city centre, in Dublin 7. It is bordered by Glasnevin to the north, Drumcondra to the east, Grangegorman to the west, and the King's Inns on Constitution Hill, to the south. The commercial centre of Phibsborough is located around the crossroads of the Phibsborough and North Circular Roads, commonly known as Doyle's Corner.
Phibsborough is served by many Dublin Bus routes passing outbound to the north city suburbs: numbers 4, 9, 38, 38a, 38b, 39n, 40n, 46a, 83, 120, 122 and 140. Inbound services serve the city centre.
Phibsborough and Broadstone will have stops on the Luas Cross City Line.
The Phibsborough and Broadstone stops will be located along the former railway. The Phibsboro stop at the railway cutting between the North Circular Road and the Cabra Road, will have lateral platforms. Access to the platform level will be from both the North Circular and Cabra Roads via stairs and lifts from the new deck levels abutting the existing road overbridges. Broadstone will be located at Prebend St. and the Western Way. The Phibsboro stop will serve the existing residential communities and facilitate interchange with bus services on the North Circular and Cabra Roads. The Broadstone stop will serve the new Dublin Institute of Technology campus at Grangegorman.
The Luas Cross city project will link the Luas Red and Green lines with a line from Broombridge in North Dublin (interchange with Irish Rail station) and St.Stephen's Green present Green Line stop. Construction started in June 2013 with services expected to begin in 2017.
The Royal Canal passes along the northern boundary, separating Phibsborough from Glasnevin. Below the fifth lock, east of Crossguns Bridge, The Broadstone Harbour city markets bound main branch of the canal ran south, to the now paved over Harbour. The filled in former mainline is now covered by a verdant tree-lined linear park. The adjacent road is called the Royal Canal Bank. It consists of a variety of multi-period homes some dating from the 1750s. The canal's newer mainline runs south-east to Spencer Dock at the North Wall. The Harbour bound Lineal park passes Mountjoy Gaol, under Blacqueire Bridge, along the high banked eastern side of the Phibsborough Road. Foster Aqueduct carried the canal over the Phibsborough Road to the Terminus at Broadstone. It h sat directly opposite the Kings Inns at Constitution Hill.
Dalymount Park, home of League of Ireland team Bohemian F.C., the pre-Aviva Stadium venue for international association football and the renowned 'Dalymount Roar' is located here. The National Botanic Gardens are situated in nearby Glasnevin.
Phibsboro is renowned for its Victorian era Dublin pubs. Dublin Victorian era pubs are as luxuriously different from the ubiquitous 'Irish Pub ' as a Vienna coffee house is from Starbucks. Mc Gowans is at the Broadstone. At Doyles Corner there is the eponymous Doyles, the congenial Hut and now trading as Goughs, on the north west corner, the hospitable Geoghegan's Bar and Lounge.
A major teaching hospital, the Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, along with the Mater Private Hospital is both a local and national care centre. Temple St. Children's hospital is nearby.
The original Irish language name, Glas Mochonóg, means Monck's Green, which evolved to the variants Manogue and Minogue, and anglicised as Monck. This family held the local demesne at Grangegorman following inter-marriage with the Stanley family, becoming Stanley Monck. The Green served as play field and parade ground was bisected by the main north road which ran from the foot of the Old Bridge of Dublin. Lying low between the stepping stone crossing of the Bradogue river (which now flows underground) ia a common called the Glasminogue. Between the Broadstone and the village of Baile Phib at Monck Place, it often flooded and turned into a quagmire. This area was part of the Grangegorman estate.
The Broadstone area underwent significant urban development in the early nineteenth century in order to fulfill the commercial and residential needs of the Royal Canal Company headquarters and Harbour Terminus operation. The later onset of John S. Mulvaney's Midland & Great Western Railway Company and the railway engineering works brought further development to North Circular Road intersection and east to Blessington Street. The natural expansion of the city saw the development move north with residential housing reaching Phibsborough, and Glasnevin, and the Phoenix Park to the northwest.
St. Peter's Catholic Church and schools date from 1862. The construction of the church was controversial, resulting in a long and costly lawsuit. This dispute between the architect and builder ended in the courts and required the intervention of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Dublin. All Saints Church of Ireland Parish Church, Phibsborough Road, was completed in 1904. The renowned Tractarian, Dr Maturin, was rector for many years, establishing a High Church tradition of worship. The beautiful interior has been restored in recent years, having suffered fire damage in 1968.
At the time of the Easter Rising, the de Valera family home was at 34, Munster Street. Phibsborough has a number of memorials including one to Sean Healy, a 15-year-old member of the Fianna. Healy was one of two Phibsborough Road residents killed during the Easter Rising, the other being James Kelly (18). Local participants in the War of Independence include Harry Boland who was born in Phibsborough and grew up there. His friend Dick McKee was born at Phibsborough Road. One of The Forgotten Ten, Bernard Ryan, lived here until his execution in Mountjoy Jail. The sculpture by Leo Broe at Royal Canal Bank was commissioned in memory of the local contingent of Irish Volunteers.
The Broadstone Station was closed in 1937. These buildings constituted the Dublin Terminus, headquarters, and railworks of the Midland Great Western Railway and the Grand Canal Company. They now serve as the administrative centre and district bus garage for Bus Éireann and Dublin Bus. The impressive nineteenth-century main building, fronted by a classical Egyptian-style facade, and a Corinthian columnar service acces is currently a eyesore. It awaits redevelopment as part of a planned regeneration of the area. The Dublin northwest Transit Centre, project will serve the new Dublin Institute of Technology campus at the adjacent Grangegorman site.
|“||In silence they drove along Phibsborough Road. An empty hearse trotted by, coming from the cemetery: looks relieved.
Crossguns bridge: the Royal canal.
Ulysses, James Joyce
||This section possibly contains original research. (October 2011)|
Since the post war expansion of Dublin, this area along with Glasnevin and Drumcondra provided amenities to the north city business district in the way that Ranelagh, Rathmines and Harold's Cross did to the south city. The convenient location, combined with easy access and good public transport facilities, led to the conversion of larger homes into bedsitter flats. The pace of economic advancement during the Celtic Tiger decade saw an increased demand for new flats and townhouse projects. This housing wave provided an opportunity for the re-conversion of the historic properties back to family homes. Much the same has occurred on the city south side. In addition, many existing semi-derelict properties and architectural curiosities were converted into modern apartments within their historic shells. Many Victorian and Edwardian facades were restored. Developers have secured planning permission here to upgrade the existing Phibsboro Shopping Centre. The restored terraces of pink, biscuit and red-brick houses complement the converted historic churches, banks and offices. There are a number of Victorian era pubs in the area. The government announced plans to close the inadequate facilities at Mountjoy Gaol and transfer the operations to Thornhill, a new prison in Fingal County.
Given the GFC downturn and recession, however, some of the planned redevelopment of DIT Grangegorman, Broadstone, Phibsboro Shopping Centre and Dalymount Park has been delayed.
Music, arts, and media
The first Phibsborough community arts festival, Phizzfest, took place from 9 to 12 September 2010. Among the writers that took part were Anne Enright and Dermot Bolger.
- Seóirse Bodley, composer and arranger.
- Harry Boland, republican revolutionary and member of the First Dáil.
- Desmond Cardinal Connell Archbishop Emeritus of Dublin.
- Michael Gambon, actor.
- Philip Greene, RTÉ sports broadcaster.
- James Joyce, author.
- Dick McKee, republican revolutionary.
- Iris Murdoch, author and philosopher, born at Blessington Street, 1919.
- Bernard Ryan, republican revolutionary.
- Éamon de Valera, former Taoiseach and President of Ireland.
- Phibsborough Placenames Database of Ireland. Retrieved: 2012-01-05.
- Map of Dublin 1798
- Gifford, Don; Seidman, Robert J. (1989). Ulysses annotated: notes for James Joyce's Ulysses (Edition: 2, illustrated, revised, annotated ed.). University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-06745-5.
- "Green light given to Luas link-up, first passengers 2017". RTÉ. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
- "The Broadstone Line of the Royal Canal". Irish waterways history. Retrieved 2009-05-19.
- "Phibsborough Village Centre (Proposed Development)" (PDF). Dublin City Council. 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
- "1902 - St. Peters' Church, Phibsborough, Dublin". Archiseek.com. External link in
- Connell, Joseph E. A. (2006). Where's where in Dublin. Dublin: Dublin City Council. p. 89.
- Sean Healy Commemorative plaque
- "Weekly Irish Times, Sinn Fein Rebellion Handbook, 1917 (extract)" (PDF). National Library of Ireland. Retrieved 2009-05-12.
- Fitzpatrick, David. Harry Boland's Irish Revolution. Cork University Press. ISBN 978-1-85918-386-1.
- Revealing Broadstone Station to public view
- "James Joyce From Dublin to Ithaca". Cornell University Library. 2005. Retrieved 2009-05-12.
- Joyce, James (2007). Ulysses. BiblioBazaar. ISBN 978-1-4346-0387-6.
- "Welcome to Phizzfest!!". Phibsborough Community Arts Festival. 2010. Retrieved 22 March 2010.
- "Irish Writers - Iris Murdoch". Kennys.ie. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Phibsborough.|
- Photo tour of the Broadstone Line of the Royal Canal.
- View of Dublin city from Blaquiere Bridge (formerly located between Phibsborough library and the Leo Broe monument), early 19th century.