Philip Lucas

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Philip Lucas
Born Philip Gadesden Lucas
(1902-09-03)3 September 1902
Bexleyheath, Kent, England
Died 18 December 1981(1981-12-18) (aged 79)
Crawley, Sussex, England
Nationality United Kingdom
Occupation Test Pilot
Years active 1926-1967
Awards George Medal

Philip Lucas GM (1902–1981) was an English aviator and test pilot who was awarded the George Medal for his courage and skill landing a damaged Hawker Typhoon prototype.[1]

Philip Gadesden Lucas was born on 3 September 1902 at Bexleyheath, Kent and was educated at Epsom College before starting an apprenticeship with Vickers.[1] He joined the Royal Air Force in 1926 and by 1931 had joined Hawker Aircraft as a test pilot.[1] In 1939 he became Hawker's Chief Experimental Test Pilot operating from Brooklands in Surrey and Langley in Buckinghamshire.[1] He flew the Hawker Hurricane, Hawker Typhoon and Hawker Tempest straight from the production line and for development flying.[1]

In 1941 Lucas was flying a Hawker Typhoon prototype that he managed to land safely after it suffered a structural failure during flight, for his courage and skill he was awarded the George Medal:

Test Pilot Lucas displayed great courage and presence of mind during a test flight and, by his skill and coolness, saved an aircraft from destruction.

— London Gazette[2]

Lucas retired from test flying in 1946 and became general manager of Hawker Aircraft, which by the time he retired in 1967 had become Hawker Siddeley Aviation.[1] He died in Crawley, West Sussex on 18 December 1981 aged 79.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Mr Philip Lucas." Times [London, England] 5 Jan. 1982: 10. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 18 Mar. 2012.
  2. The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 35156. p. 2643. 6 May 1941. Retrieved 28 March 2012.

Further reading