Philip Yorke, 3rd Earl of Hardwicke

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The Right Honourable
The Earl of Hardwicke
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
In office
27 April 1801 – 21 November 1805
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Henry Addington
Hon. William Pitt the Younger
Preceded by The Marquess Cornwallis
Succeeded by The Earl of Powis
Personal details
Born 31 May 1757 (1757-05-31)
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Died 18 November 1834 (1834-11-19)
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Lady Elizabeth Lindsay
Alma mater University of Cambridge

Philip Yorke, 3rd Earl of Hardwicke KG, PC, FRS (31 May 1757 – 18 November 1834), known as Philip Yorke until 1790, was a British politician.

Background and education

Born in Cambridge, England, he was the eldest son of Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor, by his first wife, Catherine Freman. He was educated at Harrow and Queens' College, Cambridge.[1]

Political career

Hardwicke was Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire from 1780 to 1790, following the Whig traditions of his family, but after his succession to the earldom in 1790 he supported William Pitt The Younger, and took office in 1801 as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (1801–1806), where he supported Catholic emancipation. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1801, created a Knight of the Garter in 1803, and was a fellow of the Royal Society.


Lord Hardwicke married Lady Elizabeth, daughter of James Lindsay, 5th Earl of Balcarres, in 1782. They had two sons and four daughters. His elder son, Philip Yorke, Viscount Royston, was Member of Parliament for Reigate but was lost at sea off Lübeck in 1808. His younger son, Charles James Yorke, Viscount Royston (1797–1810), died as a child. Lord Hardwicke died in November 1834, aged 77, and was buried St Andrew's Church in Wimpole, Cambridgeshire in a tomb by Richard Westmacott (the younger). As he had no surviving male issue he was succeeded in the earldom by his nephew, Charles. Lady Hardwicke died in May 1858, aged 94.


  1. "Yorke, Philip (YRK774P)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Duke of Buckingham: Memoirs of the Court and Cabinets of George III. 4 vols. London, 1853–1855

External links

  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Hardwicke
  •  [ "Yorke, Philip (1757-1834)" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. Missing or empty |title= (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir John Hynde Cotton, Bt
Sir Sampson Gideon, Bt
Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire
With: Lord Robert Manners 1780–82
Sir Henry Peyton, Bt 1782–89
James Whorwood Adeane 1789–90
Succeeded by
James Whorwood Adeane
Charles Philip Yorke
Political offices
Preceded by
The Marquess Cornwallis
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
Succeeded by
The Earl of Powis
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Hardwicke
Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire
Succeeded by
The Earl of Hardwicke
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Philip Yorke
Earl of Hardwicke
Succeeded by
Charles Philip Yorke