|Città di Piazza Armerina|
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|Province / Metropolitan city||Enna (EN)|
|Frazioni||Azzolina, Farrugio, Floristella, Grottacalda, Ileano, Polleri, Santa Croce, Serrafina|
|• Mayor||Carmelo Fausto Nigrelli|
|• Total||302 km2 (117 sq mi)|
|Elevation||697 m (2,287 ft)|
|Population (May 2007)|
|• Density||69/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Santa Maria della Vittoria|
|Saint day||August 15|
This section requires expansion. (June 2008)
The town is famous chiefly for its Roman mosaics in the Villa Romana del Casale, about 3 kilometres (2 miles) to the southwest. It has a range of significant architecture dating from medieval through the 18th century. The discovery and excavation of the well-preserved, highly refined mosaics has helped attract tourists.
- The massive Baroque Cathedral (17th and 18th centuries), built on the 15th-century foundations of a former church, from which the bell tower was taken and reused. Also original to the 15th-century church are the Catalan-Gothic style windows on the left side. The dome dates from 1768. The façade has a notable portal with spiral columns by Leonardo De Luca. The interior, with a single large nave, houses the Madonna della Vittoria (Madonna of the Victory). The Byzantine icon is traditionally associated with the banner donated by the Pope to Roger I of Sicily during the Council of Melfi. The cathedral has an unusual two-sided crucifix by an unknown artist. The Diocesan Museum holds reliquiaries, articles of silverware, monstrances and other religious art works.
- The nearby Palazzo Trigona, house of the wealthy family who commissioned the church.
- The Church of Fundrò, known also as St. Roch, with a carved tufa portal.
- The nearby Palazzo di Città (1613), characterized by a fresco ceiling by Salvatore Martorana.
- The massive Aragonese Castle (1392–96). It is square in shape, with square towers.
- The church of San Giovanni Evangelista (14th century), with an interior covered with frescos by Guglielmo Borremans and assistants.
- The baroque church of Sant'Anna (18th century), with its original sinuous façade inspired by the buildings of Borromini.
- The church of St. Martin of Tours (1163).
- The church of Santa Maria di Gesù (16th century), now abandoned.
- The Garibaldi Theatre.
Piazza Armerina holds an annual Palio dei Normanni, a re-enactment in costume of the entrance of the Norman Count Roger I to the city. It takes place on 12–14 August.
Piazza Armerina is one of the so-called "Lombardic" communes of Sicily, as its dialect differs notably from that of the neighbouring region. This is due to the destruction of the old Piazza by king William I of Sicily, and the subsequent repopulation by William II (according to other scholars, during the slightly later age of Frederick II) with colonists coming from "Lombard" regions of northern Italy, especially from Monferrato and Piacenza.
- Sicily and Its Islands, Ugo La Rosa, Ed., 1993.
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- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. Missing or empty
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