Pittsburgh Winter Garden hockey team

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Pittsburgh Winter Garden
City Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
League Independent
Operated 1915–1916
Home arena Winter Garden at Exposition Hall
General manager Arthur Sixsmith
Head coach Arthur Sixsmith
Media Pittsburgh Press

The Pittsburgh Winter Garden hockey team was an amateur ice hockey team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The team received its name from their home arena, the Winter Garden at Exposition Hall, and played only one season between 1915-16. The Winter Garden team was managed and coached by Arthur Sixsmith and consisted of several players from the defunct Western Pennsylvania Hockey League (WPHL), which was the first openly professional hockey league.[1] Despite the fact that former professional players were on the team, the club remained strictly amateur.[2] Lorne Campbell and Arthur's brother, Garnet Sixsmith, played on the Winter Garden team and were both alumni of the WPHL.[1]


Around 1914, public interest in ice skating was growing in Pittsburgh and that interest served was the focus for converting the Main Hall of Exposition Hall into the Winter Garden. Hockey was a growing sport in Pittsburgh and had been played at the Duquesne Gardens, which was located in the city's Oakland neighborhood. However, ice time at the Gardens was scarce while the demand for hockey was growing. In 1915, chiller pipes and concrete were added to the floor of the Main Hall to create an impressive ice surface. The size of the playing surface used for the Exposition's hockey games was 300 feet (91 m) x 140 feet (43 m) and was bigger than today's international size rinks. By comparison, today's National Hockey League rinks measure 200 feet (61 m) x 85 feet (26 m). The increased size wore down visiting opponents and heavily favored the home teams.[3] While the Winter Garden team was formed in late 1915, by Arthur Sixsmith; Roy Schooley, the manager of the Duquesne Gardens, began putting together his "Duquesne Garden hockey team". A feud soon began between the two clubs. The Duquesne and Winter Garden teams each played out-of-town opponents, often on the same night, and in direct competition of one another.[1]

On January 23, 1916, the Winter Garden team played a two-game series against the Sudbuy All-Stars, who were considered one of the best teams in Canada. The Winter Garden team defeated Sudbury, 2-0, in the first game. During the game, Pittsburgh's "Kewpie" Young collided with Sudbury's Shorty Green, resulting in the loss of several of Young's teeth. Of the opening game, the Sudbury players were reportedly overwhelmed by the size of the Garden's ice surface. However, the Winter Garden team would go on to drop the series' second game to Sudbury, 3-1.[4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Landucci, Fred (September 27, 1961). "First 'Pros' Start League Play in 1902". Pittsburgh Press. p. 21. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help); |section= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Hockey Will Be In Full Swing Soon". Pittsburgh Press. November 21, 1915. p. Sports, 6. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "1916-1920 Pittsburgh Winter Garden at Exposition Hall". Pittsburgh Hockey.net. Retrieved April 27, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "The Sudbury Seven". Carreol Hockey Railroaders. Hockey Players on the Railway. Retrieved May 8, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>