Politics of Marche

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Marche

The Politics of Marche, Italy takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of the Region is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in the Regional Council, while executive power is exercised by the Regional Government led by the President, who is directly elected by the people. The current Statute, which regulates the functioning of the regional institutions, has been in force since 2004.

Prior to the rise of Fascism, most of the deputies elected in Marche were part of the liberal establishment (see Historical Right, Historical Left and Liberals), which governed Italy for decades. The region, especially its northern part (largerly inhabited by Romagnoli), was also a stronghold of the Italian Republican Party. Marche was one of the regions in which the Italian People's Party did better in the 1919 general election and the National Fascist Party took more than 60% in the 1924 general election.[1]

After World War II Marche was an early stronghold of Christian Democracy and later one of the few regions where the Christian Democrats and the Italian Communist Party were close in terms of popular vote. Since 1995 the region has been a stronghold of the post-Communist parties, from the Democratic Party of the Left to the present-day Democratic Party.

Executive

The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President and the Ministers (Assessori), who cannot be more than ten, including a Vice President.[2]

List of Presidents

# Name
(Birth-death)
Term in office Party Coalition Legislature
1 Giuseppe Serrini
(–)
1 August 1970 19 December 1972 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
1 August 1970 – 19 December 1972
I (1970)
2 Dino Tiberi
(1923–2013)
19 December 1972 10 September 1975 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
19 December 1972 – 10 September 1975
3 Adriano Ciaffi
(1936–)
10 September 1975 7 September 1978 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
10 September 1975 – 7 September 1978
II (1975)
4 Emidio Massi
(1922–)
7 September 1978 12 May 1985 Italian Socialist Party DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
7 September 1978– 12 May 1985
III (1980)
12 May 1985 22 July 1990 DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
12 May 1985 – 22 July 1990
IV (1985)
5 Rodolfo Giampaoli
(–)
22 July 1990 29 July 1993 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
22 July 1990 – 19 July 1993
V (1990)
6 Gaetano Recchi
(1934–)
29 July 1993 19 June 1995 Italian Socialist Party DC - PSI - Greens
29 July 1993 – 19 June 1995
Elected presidents (1995-present)
7 Vito D'Ambrosio
(1943–)
19 June 1995 15 May 2000 Democratic Party of the Left then
Democrats of the Left
PDS - PRC - Greens - PRI
19 June 1995 – 15 May 2000
VI (1995)
15 May 2000 26 April 2005 DS - PPI - Dem - PRC - PdCI - Greens - UDEUR
15 May 2000 – 26 April 2005
VII (2000)
8 Gian Mario Spacca
(1953–)
26 April 2005 8 April 2010 The Daisy then
Democratic Party
DL - DS - PRC - PdCI - Greens - UDEUR
26 April 2005 – 8 April 2010
VIII (2005)
8 April 2010 1 June 2015 PD - IdV - UDC - API - Greens
8 April 2010 – 1 June 2015
IX (2010)
9 Luca Ceriscioli
(1966–)
1 June 2015 Incumbent Democratic Party PD - IdV - UdC - SC - PSI - Greens
1 June 2015 - Incumbent
X (2015)

Legislative branch

The Regional Council of Marche (Consiglio Regionale della Marche) is composed of 40 members. 32 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 8 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 4 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 36. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.[3]

The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent clause introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.[4]

Local government

Provinces

Marche is divided in five provinces, which were first established in 1861. The centre-left Democratic Party governs four provinces out of five, including Macerata, whose president is a member of the Union of the Centre, and Fermo, whose president is a member of Left Ecology Freedom, a left-wing outfit.

Province Inhabitants established President Party Election
Ancona 481,028 1861 Patrizia Casagrande Esposto, commissioner Democratic Party 2007
Pesaro and Urbino 364,896 1861 Matteo Ricci Democratic Party 2009
Macerata 324,188 1861 Antonio Pettinari Union of the Centre 2011
Ascoli Piceno 214,014 1861 Piero Celani The People of Freedom 2009
Fermo 177,993 2009 Fabrizio Cesetti Left Ecology Freedom 2009

Municipalities

Marche is also divided in 239 comuni (municipalities), which have even more history, having been established in the Middle Ages, when they were the main places of government. The centre-left Democratic Party is widely the strongest party in local government, having the majority of mayors throughout the region.

Municipality Inhabitants Mayor Party Election
Ancona 102,500 Valeria Mancinelli Democratic Party 2013
Pesaro 98,438 Luca Ceriscioli Democratic Party 2009
Fano 63,922 Stefano Aguzzi The People of Freedom 2009
Ascoli Piceno 51,168 Guido Castelli The People of Freedom 2009
San Benedetto del Tronto 48,036 Giovanni Gaspari Democratic Party 2011
Senigallia 44,673 Maurizio Mangialardi Democratic Party 2010
Macerata 43,000 Romano Carancini Democratic Party 2010
Jesi 40,502 Massimo Bacci Civic list 2012
Civitanova Marche 40,400 Tommaso Claudio Corvatta Democratic Party 2012
Fermo 37,869 Nella Brambatti Democratic Party 2011

Parties and elections

Latest regional election

In the latest regional election, which took place on 31 May 2015, Luca Ceriscioli of the Democratic Party (PD) was elected President by defeating a fractured field of opponents, notably including the incumbent President, Gian Mario Spacca, who had switched sides from the PD to a centre-right coalition led by Forza Italia.

Candidates & parties votes votes (%) seats
Luca Ceriscioli 251,050 41.07 1
Democratic Party 186,357 35.13 15
United for Marche (incl. PSI, FdV, IdV, SC) 26,677 5.03 2
Marche Populars–UdC (incl. CD, Demo.S) 18,109 3.41 1
Giovanni Maggi 133,178 21.78
Five Star Movement 100,202 18.89 5
Francesco Acquaroli 116,048 18.98
Lega Nord Marche 69,065 13.02 3
Brothers of Italy 34,538 6.51 1
Gian Mario Spacca 86,848 14.21
Forza Italia 49,884 9.40 2
Marche 2020Popular Area 21,049 3.97 1
Christian Democracy 4,388 0.83 -
Edoardo Mentrasti 24,212 3.82
Other Marche–United Left (incl. SEL, PRC, PdCI) 20,266 3.82 -
Total 530,535 100.00 30

Source: Marche Region

References

External links