Portal:Ancient Near East

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search

 
The Ancient Near East Portal
Shortcut:

Selected article

Syriac Sertâ book
The Aramaic language is a Semitic language with a 3,000-year history. It has been the language of administration of empires and the language of divine worship. It is the original language of large sections of the biblical books of Daniel and Ezra, and is the main language of the Babylonian Talmud. Aramaic was the native language of Jesus (see Aramaic of Jesus). Modern Aramaic is spoken today as a first language by numerous scattered communities, most significantly by the Syriacs and is considered to be endangered today.

Aramaic belongs to the Afro-Asiatic language family. Within that diverse family, it belongs to the Semitic subfamily. Aramaic is a part of the Northwest Semitic group of languages, which also includes the Canaanite languages (such as Hebrew). It is also related to Arabic, being part of the more diverse Central Semitic languages; one possible source for the Arabic alphabet is Nabataean Aramaic script.

Read more...

ArchiveSuggest

Selected biography

Nebuchadrezzar II (Akkadian: Nabû-kudurri-uṣur, "Nabu, defend my firstborn son", reigned 605 – 562 BC) was the second king of the Neo-Babylonian Dynasty and its greatest ruler. He was called "Nebuchadrezzar, the Great" in ancient times, but his destruction of temples in Jerusalem caused his vilification in the Bible.

He was a successful military leader before ascending the throne, defeating the Egyptians in the Battle of Carchemish. After his father Nabopolassar died and he became king, he defeated the Cimmerians and Scythians in Anatolia and continued campaigning in the Levant, including the capturing Jerusalem, destroying both city and temple and deporting a large portion of the population to Babylon. He then started a 13-year siege of Tyre, ending with Tyre's accepting Babylonian authority.

When he wasn't waging war, he continued he father's work of restoring Babylon, which had been devastated through years of Assyrian rule and more recent rebellions. He made Babylon one of the wonders of the world, with projects like the Ishtar Gate and the hanging gardens of Babylon.

Read more...

ArchiveSuggest

Selected picture

[[Image:|center|300x300px|Elamite Bust]]

Credit: Sumerophile
Elamite Bust
Elam, late 3rd millennium BC (Metropolitan Museum)

Read more...

ArchiveSuggest

Did you know...

Nabonidus Cylinder
...that the Hurrian language and the Urartian language are proposed to be distantly related to the modern Armenian language?

...that the Aramaic language, the lingua franca of the ancient Near East in Biblical times is still spoken as a first language today?

...that the syllabic cuneiform script was adapted to create a phonetic alphabet twice, for the Ugaritic language and for the Old Persian language?

ArchiveSuggest
Related Portals

History
portal
    Archaeology
portal
    Ancient Egypt
portal
    Languages
portal
    Military history
portal
    Mythology
portal
Portal:History
Portal:Archaeology
Portal:Ancient Egypt
Portal:Languages
Portal:Military history
Portal:Mythology


Bible
portal
    Judaism
portal
    Zoroastrianism
portal
Portal:Bible
Portal:Judaism
Portal:Zoroastrianism

Portal:Literature
Portal:Political science
Portal:Law
Portal:Visual arts
Portal:Architecture
Portal:Mathematics
Portal:Astronomy
Portal:Medicine
Literature
portal
    Political science
portal
    Law
portal
    Visual arts
portal
    Architecture
portal
    Mathematics
portal
    Astronomy
portal
    Medicine
portal

Associated Wikimedia

Ancient Near East on Wikimedia Commons Ancient Near East on Wikisource Archaeology on Wikinews Languages of the Ancient Near East on Wiktionary Ancient Near East on Wikibooks History on Wikiversity Ancient Near East on Wiktionary
Images Source texts News Languages Manuals & Texts Learn Definitions
Commons-logo.svg
Wikisource-logo.svg
Wikinews-logo.svg
Wiktionary-logo-en.svg
Wikibooks-logo.svg
Wikiversity-logo.svg
Wiktionary-logo-en.svg

Purge server cache