Portal:Austria

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Flag Austria coat of arms official.svg
Location of Austria within Europe

Austria is one of Europe's leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Czech Republic and Germany, to the south by Slovenia and Italy, to the west by Liechtenstein and Switzerland, and to the east by Hungary and Slovakia. Its capital city is Vienna.

The origins of modern Austria date back to the ninth century, when the countryside of upper and lower Austria became increasingly populated. The name of Austria Ostarrîchi is first documented in an official document from 996. Since then this word has developed into the German word Österreich.

Austria's political system is that of a federal, parliamentary representative democracy consisting of nine states. It is one of six European countries that have declared permanent neutrality and one of the few countries that includes the concept of everlasting neutrality in their constitution.

Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955 and joined the European Union in 1995. It also a member of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, whose headquarters is based in Vienna. Template:/box-footer

Selected article

View of the gardens seen from the Upper Belvedere (1758)

The extensive Belvedere complex in Vienna was built as a summer residence for Prince Eugene of Savoy in the 18th century.

It consists of two magnificent Baroque palaces the Upper and Lower Belvedere, the Orangery, and the stables. The buildings are set in a Baroque park landscape in the 3rd district of Vienna, south-east of the city centre.

The Belvedere was built during a period of much construction in Vienna, which at the time was both the imperial capital and home to the ruling Habsburg dynasty. Many of the city’s most opulent edifices date from this era.

The Upper Belvedere houses the Österreichische Galerie Belvedere today, with artworks by Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele.


Selected picture

Melk Abbey in Lower Austria

Selected biography

Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich (1825)

Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich (15 May 1773 – 11 June 1859) was a politician and statesman. He was one of the most important diplomats of his era.

He was a major figure in the negotiations before and during the Congress of Vienna and is considered both a paradigm of foreign-policy management and a major figure in the development of diplomatic praxis. He was the archetypal practitioner of 19th-century diplomatic realism, being deeply rooted in the postulates of the balance of power.

Probably no statesman was so praised, or so reviled, in his own day as Metternich. In one perspective he was revered as the infallible oracle of diplomatic inspiration; in another, he was loathed and despised as an incarnation of the spirit of obscurantism and oppression. The victories of democracy have made the latter view fashionable, and to the liberal historians of the latter part of the 19th century the very name Metternich was synonymous with a system in which nothing but senseless opposition to progress could be discerned.

Metternich was a master of the techniques of diplomacy: for instance, his dispatches were models of diplomatic style.

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Wikinews Austria portal
Read and edit Wikinews

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  • ... that the first record showing the name "Austria" is from 996 where it is written as Ostarrîchi, referring to the territory of the Babenberg March?
  • ... that Austria currently produces more than half of its electricity by hydropower?

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Wappen Österreich-Ungarn 1916 (Klein).png
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Europe European Union Austria-Hungary Vienna Tyrol


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