Connecticut ( /kəˈnɛtɪkət/ (help·info)) is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States. The state borders Rhode Island to the east, Massachusetts to the north, New York to the west, and because various islands of New York span Connecticut's entire coast, New York as well to the south. Southwestern Connecticut is part of the New York metropolitan area, and three of Connecticut's eight counties—including the majority of the state's population—are in the New York City combined statistical area, commonly referred to as the Tri-State Region. The center of population of the state is in Cheshire, New Haven County.
Connecticut is the 29th most populous state, with 3.4 million residents, and is ranked 48th in size by area, making it the 4th most densely populated state. Nicknamed the "Constitution State" or the "Nutmeg state", Connecticut has a long history dating from early colonial times and was influential in the development of the federal government. Connecticut was also the 5th U.S state to ratify to the United States constitution. Connecticut's first European settlers were Dutch and established a small, short-lived settlement in present-day Hartford at the confluence of the Park and Connecticut Rivers called Huys de Goede Hoop. Initially, half of Connecticut was a part of the Dutch colony New Netherland, which included much of the land between the Connecticut and Delaware Rivers. (more...)Template:/box-footer
The 1989 Northeastern United States tornado outbreak
was a series of tornadoes
which caused more than $130 million (1989 USD
) in damage across the Northeastern United States
on July 10, 1989. The storm system affected five states with severe weather
, including hail
up to 2.5 inches (6.4 cm) across, thunderstorm winds up to 90 mph (150 km/h), and 17 tornadoes. Several towns in New York
were particularly hard-hit. Several homes were leveled in Greenville, New York
and extensive damage occurred in Bantam, Connecticut
. A large section of Hamden, Connecticut
, including an industrial park and hundreds of homes, was completely destroyed; in some places buildings were flattened to the ground. More than 150 people were injured by the tornado outbreak
, and one person was killed by thunderstorm winds. While tornado outbreaks in this area are unusual, this storm was especially rare in that it produced six significant tornadoes, two of which were violent F4s
, and featured many tornadoes with tracks of several miles.
- ...that Judges Cave and Regicides Trail in West Rock Ridge, Connecticut, USA were named for two judges who hid in the area in 1660 after signing the death warrant of the King, Charles I?
- ...that the Pearl Harbor Memorial Bridge in Connecticut will be reconstructed as the first extradosed bridge in the United States?
- ...that following its industrialization, Bridgeport, Connecticut became a manufacturing center producing such goods as the famous Bridgeport milling machine, brass fittings, carriages, sewing machines, saddles, and ammunition?
Josiah Willard Gibbs
(February 11, 1839 – April 28, 1903) was an American theoretical physicist
, and mathematician
. One of the greatest American scientists of all time, he devised much of the theoretical foundation for chemical thermodynamics
as well as physical chemistry
. As a mathematician
, he invented vector analysis
(independently of Oliver Heaviside
). It is in good part thanks to Gibbs that much of physical and chemical theory has since been exposited using vector analysis. Yale University
awarded Gibbs the first American Ph.D.
in 1863, and he spent his entire career at Yale. His thesis was entitled: On the Form of the Teeth of Wheels in Spur Gearing.
In 1901, Gibbs was awarded the highest possible honor granted by the international scientific community of his day, granted to only one scientist each year: the Copley Medal
of the Royal Society of London
, for his greatest contribution, that being "the first to apply the second law of thermodynamics
to the exhaustive discussion of the relation between chemical, electrical, and thermal energy and capacity for external work."
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WikiProject Connecticut • WikiProject Connecticut routesTemplate:/box-footer
Quotes of, or by people from, Connecticut
- Featured content
USS Connecticut (BB-18) • Metacomet Ridge • Hurricane Gloria • Hurricane Floyd • 2006 Westchester County tornado • List of Connecticut tornadoes • List of counties in Connecticut
- Good articles
Effects of Hurricane Isabel in New York and New England • Mark Twain House • James Morris III • George W. Bush • Demon Murder Trial • Connecticut Wing Civil Air Patrol • Buddy Fletcher • 1989 Northeastern United States tornado outbreak • 1821 Norfolk and Long Island hurricane • Connecticut Route 190 • Connecticut Route 361 • U.S. Route 5 in ConnecticutTemplate:/box-footer
- To Improve to featured standard: Hartford, Connecticut, History of Connecticut
- Lists to de-redlink: List of Connecticut rivers, List of Connecticut state forests, List of Connecticut state parks, List of individuals executed in Connecticut, List of Connecticut railroads, List of high schools in Connecticut, List of bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in Connecticut
- Lists to complete: List of school districts in Connecticut, List of people from Connecticut, List of islands of Connecticut, List of Connecticut companies, List of law enforcement agencies in Connecticut, List of museums in Connecticut
- Other tasks:
- Help assess articles supported by WikiProject Connecticut
- Help suggest content for usage in this portal by using the archive links to obtain instructions
- Write Connecticut-related topics if you see a redlink which is worthy of an article
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