Conservatism is a political and social philosophy that promotes the maintenance of traditional values, accepting that technology and society can shift, but the principles should not. Some conservatives seek to preserve things as they are, emphasizing stability and continuity, while others oppose modernism and seek a return to the way things were. The first established use of the term in a political context was by François-René de Chateaubriand in 1819, following the French Revolution. Political science often credits the Irish politician Edmund Burke with many of the ideas now called conservative.Template:/box-footer
- Romanian scholar Nicolae Iorga (pictured) constructed a conservative vision of world history, contrasting Max Weber's Protestant Ethic?
- ...that future Canadian Senator John Gilbert Higgins hung black crêpe paper on his door in mourning the day that Newfoundland joined Canada?
- ...that the conservative Thai Social Action Party was founded in 1974 by politician and former Prime Minister of Thailand Kukrit Pramoj?
- 1993 – the European Young Conservatives is founded by the former national chairman of the UK's Young Conservatives, Andrew Rosindell.
- 1988 – presidential candidate George H. W. Bush utters the phrase, "Read my lips: no new taxes," during his acceptance speech of the Republican nomination. The phrase was used later by Bill Clinton to defeat Bush in the 1992 presidential election campaign.