Portal:Cricket

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The Cricket Portal

About cricket

A bowler delivers the ball to a batsman during a game of cricket
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Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on an oval-shaped field, usually between 150 and 200 yards in diameter, at the centre of which lies a 22-yard long pitch. One team bats, trying to score as many runs as possible, while the other team bowls and fields, trying to dismiss the batsmen and thus limit the runs scored by the batting team. A run is scored by the striking batsman hitting the ball with his bat, running to the opposite end of the pitch and touching the crease there without being dismissed. The teams switch between batting and fielding at the end of an innings. In professional cricket, the length of a game ranges from 20 overs of six bowling deliveries per side to Test cricket played over five days. The Laws of Cricket are maintained by the International Cricket Council (ICC) and the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) with additional Standard Playing Conditions for Test matches ("Tests") and One Day Internationals (ODIs).

Cricket was first played in southern England in the 16th century. By the end of the 18th century, it had developed into the national sport of England. The expansion of the British Empire led to cricket being played overseas and by the mid-19th century the first international matches were being held. The ICC, the game's governing body, has ten full members. The game is popular in Australasia, the Indian subcontinent, the West Indies, Southern Africa and England.

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Bernard Bosanquet (1877–1936) was an English cricketer best known for inventing the googly, a delivery designed to deceive the batsman. He played first-class cricket for Middlesex County Cricket Club and appeared in seven Test matches for England as an all-rounder. While playing a tabletop game, Bosanquet devised a new technique for delivering a ball, later named the "googly", which he practised while attending Oriel College, Oxford. He first used it in cricket matches around 1900, but it was not until 1903, when he had a successful season as a bowler, that his new delivery began to attract attention. He was selected in 1903–04 to tour Australia with England and made his Test debut. Although his batting was unsuccessful, he performed well as a bowler and troubled all the opposing batsmen. His career with the ball peaked when he bowled England to victory in the first Test against Australia in 1905, but he remained an inconsistent performer. In subsequent years, he bowled infrequently and played little first-class cricket.

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The 2007 Cricket World Cup warm-up matches were held prior to the 2007 Cricket World Cup, between March 5 and March 9, 2007. All 16 nations that were qualified to take part in the World Cup participated in a series of matches to prepare, experiment with different tactics and to help them acclimatise to conditions in the West Indies. The warm-up matches were not classified as One Day Internationals by the International Cricket Council (ICC), despite sharing some of main features of this form of cricket, but some of the playing regulations were different from standard internationals in order to allow teams to experiment. For example, the main change allowed for thirteen different players to play in a match – nine players being allowed to both bat and bowl, with two only being able to bowl and two only being able to bat – instead of the eleven players normally allowed.

Several of the teams voiced concerns of various matters involving the stadia and practicing facilities: many of the stadiums were considered incomplete, whilst some teams claimed that the pitches were uneven, resulting in an unsafe experience to be batting in. Ultimately none of the stadia used in the warm-up games were used in any other part of the tournament except for the Greenfield Stadium in Trelawny, Jamaica, which hosted the opening ceremony but no matches.

Australia, Bangladesh, India and Pakistan were the only teams to win both of their warm-up games, whilst Bermuda, Canada, the Netherlands and Scotland did not win either of their fixtures. (Full list...)


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A batsman is bowled.
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ICC Rankings

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket, and produces team rankings for the various forms of cricket played internationally.

Test cricket is the longest form of cricket, played up to a maximum of five days with two innings per side.

One Day International cricket is played over 50 overs, with one innings per side.

Twenty20 International cricket is played over 20 overs, with one innings per side.

ICC Test Championship
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  South Africa 29 3308 114
2  India 32 3535 110
3  Australia 40 4376 109
4  Pakistan 28 2977 106
5  New Zealand 36 3578 99
6  England 40 3940 99
7  Sri Lanka 35 3123 89
8  West Indies 33 2504 76
9  Bangladesh 22 1026 47
10  Zimbabwe 10 53 5
Reference: ICC Rankings, 7 January 2016
Reliance ICC ODI Rankings
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  Australia 45 5733 127
2  India 57 6457 114
3  South Africa 57 6362 112
4  New Zealand 52 5767 111
5  Sri Lanka 67 6956 104
6  England 56 5639 101
7  Bangladesh 37 3571 97
8  Pakistan 57 4983 87
9  West Indies 38 3256 86
10  Afghanistan 25 1185 47
11  Ireland 15 683 46
12  Zimbabwe 55 2466 45
Reference: ICC Rankings, 12 January 2016
ICC T20I Championship
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  New Zealand 20 2635 132
2  India 22 2894 132
3  West Indies 18 2192 122
4  South Africa 23 2734 119
5  England 20 2279 114
6  Australia 19 2099 110
7  Pakistan 28 2924 104
8  Sri Lanka 25 2444 98
9  Afghanistan 22 1725 78
10  Bangladesh 23 1708 74
11  Netherlands 10 667 67
12  Zimbabwe 19 1105 58
13  Scotland 11 622 57
14  United Arab Emirates 14 757 54
15  Ireland 11 526 48
16  Oman 12 442 37
17  Hong Kong 15 440 29
Insufficient matches
 Papua New Guinea 5 44
Reference: ICC Rankings, 4 May 2016
"Matches" is the number of matches played in the 12-24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.

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