Portal:Fascism

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The flag of the National Fascist Party of Italy bearing the fasces, the namesake of fascism

Fascism is a political reactionary authoritarian nationalist political ideology. Fascists seek to unify their nation based on commitment to an organic national community where its individuals are united together as one people through national identity. The unity of the nation is to be based upon suprapersonal connections of ancestry and culture through a totalitarian state that seeks the mass mobilization of the national community through discipline, [narrowing of the permitted limit of social discourse], physical training, and eugenics. The limiting of the spectrum of acceptable opinion includes the aggressive suppression of dissent. Frequently, fascism seeks to eradicate perceived foreign influences that are deemed to be causing degeneration of the nation or of not fitting into the national culture. Template:/box-footer

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Brazilian Integralism (Portuguese: Integralismo brasileiro) was a Brazilian political movement created in October 1932. Founded and led by Plínio Salgado, a literary figure who was relatively famous during the 1922 Modern Art Week, the movement had adopted some characteristics of European mass movements of those times, specifically of the Italian fascism, but differentiating itself from some forms of fascism in that Salgado did not preach racism (they even had as their slogan: "Union of all races and all people"). The name of the party was Ação Integralista Brasileira (AIB, Brazilian Integralist Action); the reference to Integralism mirrored the choice of name for a traditionalist movement in Portugal, Integralismo Lusitano. For its symbol, the AIB used a flag with a white disk on a royal blue background, with an uppercase sigma (Σ) in its center.

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Bundesarchiv Bild 119-1486, Hitler-Putsch, München, Marienplatz.jpg

Members of the German Nazi Party during the Beer Hall Putsch in Munich in 1923, in which the Nazis emulating the Italian Fascists' March on Rome, attempted to overthrow the Bavarian and German governments. The Putsch failed and Nazi Fuhrer Adolf Hitler and other Nazi officials were put under arrest for a lenient sentence of one year.

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Bottecchia in the 1920s.

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Leon Trotsky
Leon Trotsky, "FASCISM: What is it and how to fight it"

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  • 7 July 2009: Scotland Yard voices fears of a terrorist attack from the far right.[1]
  • 3 July 2009: A German court declares 89-year-old John Demjanjuk fit to stand trial.[2]
  • 28 June 2009: On Croatia's national anti-fascism day, President Stjepan Mesić delivers a warning about the rise in sympathy for the Ustasha state.[3]
  • 27 June 2009: Nine former Nazi SS officers are sentenced to life imprisonment for a World War II massacre in Italy.[4]
  • 17 June 2009: Michela Vittoria Brambilla, the tourism minister of Italy, is accused of delivering a Roman salute.[5]
  • 15 June 2009: The Italian National Guard, a vigilante group set to begin foot patrols in Northern Italy, causes controversy when it unveils its uniform in Milan, which is seen as similar to that of the blackshirts.[6]

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Featured articles: Anti-tobacco movement in Nazi Germany · Albert Speer · Anne Frank · Anschluss · Axis naval activity in Australian waters · Battle of Greece · Battle of Moscow · Battle of Smolensk (1943) · Bert Trautmann · Blitzkrieg · Enigma machine · Franklin D. Roosevelt · Heinrich Bär · IG Farben Building · Invasion of Poland (1939) · Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp · Night of the Long Knives · Operation Varsity · Pope Pius XII · Rudolf Wolters · Sino-German cooperation until 1941 · Triumph of the Will · Walter Model

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Featured pictures: Buchenwald concentration camp · Crying Sudeten woman saluting · Hitler and Mussolini · Hitler and Mussolini by Eva Braun · Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp · Nazi campaign poster · Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

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Politics Philosophy World War II

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