Portal:Fascism

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The flag of the National Fascist Party of Italy bearing the fasces, the namesake of fascism

Fascism is a political reactionary authoritarian nationalist political ideology. Fascists seek to unify their nation based on commitment to an organic national community where its individuals are united together as one people through national identity. The unity of the nation is to be based upon suprapersonal connections of ancestry and culture through a totalitarian state that seeks the mass mobilization of the national community through discipline, [narrowing of the permitted limit of social discourse], physical training, and eugenics. The limiting of the spectrum of acceptable opinion includes the aggressive suppression of dissent. Frequently, fascism seeks to eradicate perceived foreign influences that are deemed to be causing degeneration of the nation or of not fitting into the national culture. Template:/box-footer

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Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Captain of the Iron Guard
Corneliu Zelea Codreanu (born Corneliu Zelinski and commonly known as Corneliu Codreanu; September 13, 1899 – November 30, 1938) was a Romanian politician of the far right, the founder and charismatic leader of the Iron Guard or the Legion of the Archangel Michael (also known as the Legionary Movement), an ultra-nationalist and violently antisemitic organization active throughout most of the interwar period. Generally seen as the main variety of local fascism, and noted for its mystical and Romanian Orthodox-inspired revolutionary message, it grew into an important actor on the Romanian political stage, coming into conflict with the political establishment and the democratic forces, and often resorting to terrorism. The Legionaries traditionally referred to Codreanu as Căpitanul ("The Captain"), and he held absolute authority over the organization until his death. Following Codreanu's instructions, the Legion carried out assassinations of politicians it viewed as corrupt. Codreanu advocated Romania's adherence to a military and political alliance with Nazi Germany. Codreanu's views influenced the modern far right. Groups claiming him as a forerunner include Noua Dreaptă and other Romanian successors of the Iron Guard, the International Third Position, and various neofascist organizations in Italy and other parts of Europe.

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Benito Mussolini

Members of the Italian National Fascist Party (PNF) during the March on Rome in 1922. The man in the centre wearing the suit with his hands against his chest is Fascist Duce Benito Mussolini. Italian Fascist forces had seized control of several Italian cities and threatened to violently overthrow the government of Prime Minister Luigi Facta if Facta and his government did not immediately resign. The March resulted in the King of Italy accepting the Fascists demands by dismissing Facta and appointing Mussolini as Prime Minister of what was then a coalition government where only a small minority were Fascists. Within several years Mussolini vastly increased the power of the Fascists, by 1926 he dismissed the Italian parliament and became an effective dictator, ruling by decree under the official sanctioning of the King, and the Fascist Party became a state institution with Fascist symbolism being included in state symbols. By 1928 Italy officially became a single party state led by the Fascist Party.

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RFP (Russian Fascist Party) Blackshirts at Harbin Station, 1934

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Benito Mussolini

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  • 7 July 2009: Scotland Yard voices fears of a terrorist attack from the far right.[1]
  • 3 July 2009: A German court declares 89-year-old John Demjanjuk fit to stand trial.[2]
  • 28 June 2009: On Croatia's national anti-fascism day, President Stjepan Mesić delivers a warning about the rise in sympathy for the Ustasha state.[3]
  • 27 June 2009: Nine former Nazi SS officers are sentenced to life imprisonment for a World War II massacre in Italy.[4]
  • 17 June 2009: Michela Vittoria Brambilla, the tourism minister of Italy, is accused of delivering a Roman salute.[5]
  • 15 June 2009: The Italian National Guard, a vigilante group set to begin foot patrols in Northern Italy, causes controversy when it unveils its uniform in Milan, which is seen as similar to that of the blackshirts.[6]

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Featured articles: Anti-tobacco movement in Nazi Germany · Albert Speer · Anne Frank · Anschluss · Axis naval activity in Australian waters · Battle of Greece · Battle of Moscow · Battle of Smolensk (1943) · Bert Trautmann · Blitzkrieg · Enigma machine · Franklin D. Roosevelt · Heinrich Bär · IG Farben Building · Invasion of Poland (1939) · Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp · Night of the Long Knives · Operation Varsity · Pope Pius XII · Rudolf Wolters · Sino-German cooperation until 1941 · Triumph of the Will · Walter Model

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Politics Philosophy World War II

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