Forestry is the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving, and restoring forests and associated resources to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human benefit. Forestry is practiced in plantations and natural stands. The main goal of forestry is to create and implement systems that manage forests to provide environmental supplies and services. The challenge of forestry is to create systems that are socially accepted while sustaining the resource and any other resources that might be affected.
Forests cover approximately 9.4 percent of the Earth's surface (or 30 percent of total land area), though they once covered much more (about 50 percent of total land area), in many different regions and function as habitats for organisms, hydrologic flow modulators, and soil conservers, constituting one of the most important aspects of the biosphere. Forests are present in many biomes:
- Polar/montane Taiga, Boreal forests
- Temperate: Coniferous forests · Broadleaf and mixed forests
- (Sub)tropical: Coniferous forests · Moist broadleaf forests · Dry broadleaf forests
- Wetland/ Aquatic biomes: Mangrove forest · Kelp forest ·Template:/box-footer
- November 14, 2013: "Forest change mapped by Google Earth". BBC News.
- May 31, 2013: "East Africa: EAC Moots Improvement of Regional Forestry, Trade". The New Times.* May 24, 2013: "Democratic polemic policies: the new Brazilian forestry code". The World Outline.
- May 14, 2013: "Rainforest plays critical role in hydropower generation". BBC News.
- May 9, 2013: "Creating Better Forestry Certification Programs through Competition". Forbes Magazine.
- Forestry: An International Journal of Forest Research (Oxford Journals). (All 2011-2012 articles are available for free viewing)
- U.K. Forestry Commissions – Forest Research
- U.S. Forest Service Research & DevelopmentTemplate:/box-footer