From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Welcome to the Germany Portal!
Willkommen im Deutschland-Portal!
Germany is one of the world's most industrialised countries, located in the center of Europe. It is bordered to the north by the North Sea, Denmark, and the Baltic Sea, to the south by Austria and Switzerland, to the west by France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg, and to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic.
Germany is a democratic federal parliamentary republic, containing 16 federal states (Bundesländer), which in certain spheres act independently of the Federation or "Bund".
Germany is a developed country with a very high standard of living, and it maintains a comprehensive social security, a universal health care system and diverse environmental protection laws. It is a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors.
The Federal Republic of Germany is a member state of the United Nations, NATO, the G8 nations, and a founding member of the European Union. More...
The Battle of Jutland (German: Skagerrakschlacht) was the largest naval battle of World War I and the only full-scale clash of battleships in that war. It was fought on 31 May–1 June 1916, in the North Sea near Jutland, the northward-pointing peninsular mainland of Denmark. The combatants were the Kaiserliche Marine’s (Germany's) High Seas Fleet and the Royal Navy’s British Grand Fleet. The intention of the German fleet was to lure out, trap and destroy a portion of the Grand Fleet, part of their larger strategy of breaking the British naval blockade of the North Sea and allowing German mercantile shipping to operate again. The Royal Navy, on the other hand, was pursuing a strategy seeking to engage and cripple the High Seas Fleet and keep the German force bottled up and away from their own shipping lanes.
Fourteen British and eleven German ships were sunk with great loss of life. Both sides claimed victory. The British had lost more ships and many more sailors, and the British press criticized the Grand Fleet's actions, but Scheer’s plan of destroying Beatty’s squadrons had also failed. In the aftermath of the battle, the German Navy turned its efforts and resources to unrestricted submarine warfare. More...
Anniversaries for July 18
Did you know ...
- ... that Bach used the cantata Höchsterwünschtes Freudenfest, BWV 194, written for the inauguration of the church and organ in Störmthal (pictured), several times for Trinity Sunday?
- ... that Else Seifert worked as an onboard photographer for Hamburg Süd on its shipping routes around Europe, Africa, and the Middle East in the 1930s?
- ... that Anna Rügerin's 1484 books are the first publications known to be typeset by a woman?
- ... that the song "Ständchen" (Serenade), by Richard Strauss, begins with an appeal to creep out quietly and ends with a climax of expecting a rose to glow from the rapture of the night?
- ... that after attending the premiere, a critic wrote that Gesang der Verklärten by Max Reger (pictured) "may well reach the outermost limit of musical expression altogether"?
- ... that Nikolaus Hillebrand, who as a boy was a member of the Regensburger Domspatzen, and recorded with them as a soloist on Bach's St John Passion in 1979 and Dittersdorf's Requiem in 2009?
- ... that the River Trave was declared Germany's 2016/17 "Riverscape of the Year" by the Friends of Nature?
- ... that Max Reger's Nachtlied (Night Song) appears on the recording The Best of the King's Singers?
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- Requests: Johann Ludwig Ernst Morgenstern, Martin Zeil (de), Wolfgang Büchner (journalist) (de), Otto Feick (de), Adolf Goetzberger (de), Barbara Köhler, Jordan & Timaeus
- Copyedit: Bruno Taut, Christian Ernest of Stolberg-Wernigerode, Curt Cress, Detlef Schuppan, Erhard Milch, Goetheplatz (Munich U-Bahn), Greek frigate Hydra (F-452), History of Saxony-Anhalt, Jack Nasher, Jeppe Hein, Julius Lothar Meyer, Julius Mayr, Karl May, Nanny Lambrecht, Otmar Seul, P2 (panel building), Prince Karl Theodor of Bavaria, Queen (Snow White), Realms of Arkania: Shadows over Riva, Television, Union of Upper Silesians, Uskok War, ZanZarah: The Hidden Portal, Zeppelin Museum Friedrichshafen
- Unreferenced: add sources to Fort Breendonk, Unreferenced BLPs, Argengau, Bundesautobahn 93, Benjamin Trinks, High German languages, 1954 FIFA World Cup Final
- Cleanup: Volkswagen Golf Mk6
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- Disambiguation: German
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- NPOV: Anti-German sentiment, German Visa Affair 2005, 1939 German expedition to Tibet
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