From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
The Library and Information Science Portal
Library science and information science are two closely related and often intersecting disciplines that deal primarily with the organization and retrieval of information.
Library science is an interdisciplinary social science incorporating the humanities, law and applied science and studying topics related to libraries; the collection, organization and dissemination of information resources; and the political economy of information. Library science has also historically included archival science, although a conceptual distinction between libraries and archives has evolved over time.
Amongst the varied topics of study that fall within library science: how information resources are organized to serve the needs of select user groups; how people interact with classification systems and technology; how information is acquired, evaluated and applied by people in and outside of libraries as well as cross-culturally; how people are trained and educated for careers in libraries; the ethics that guide library service and organization; the legal status of libraries and information resources, and the applied science of information technology used in documentation and records management. Library science is constantly evolving, incorporating new topics like database management, information architecture and knowledge management.
Information science (also referred to as information studies) is an interdisciplinary science primarily concerned with the collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval and dissemination of information. Information science studies the application and usage of knowledge in organizations, and the interaction between people, organizations and information systems. It is often, though not exclusively, studied as a branch of computer science or informatics and is closely related to the cognitive and social sciences.
, intellectual property
(IP) is an umbrella term
for various legal entitlements
which attach to certain names, written and recorded media, and inventions. The holders of these legal entitlements are generally entitled to exercise various exclusive rights
in relation to the subject matter of the IP. The term intellectual property
reflects the idea that this subject matter is the product of the mind
or the intellect
, though the term is a matter of some controversy.
Intellectual property laws and enforcement vary widely from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. There are inter-governmental efforts to harmonise them through international treaties such as the 1994 World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs), while other treaties may facilitate registration in more than one jurisdiction at a time. Enforcement of copyright, as well as disagreements over medical and software patents, have so far prevented the emergence of a cohesive international system.
||Where is the wisdom we have lost in knowledge?
Where is the knowledge we have lost in information?
||— T. S. Eliot, Choruses from 'The Rock'
(13 April 1743 N.S.
–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States
(1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence
(1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers
for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States
. Major events during his presidency include the Louisiana Purchase
(1803) and the Lewis and Clark Expedition
(1804–1806). After the British burned Washington, D.C.
and the Library of Congress
in August 1814, Jefferson offered his own collection to the nation. In January 1815, Congress accepted his offer, appropriating $23,950 for his 6,487 books, and the foundation was laid for a great national library. Today, the Library of Congress
' website for federal legislative information is named THOMAS, in honor of Jefferson.