is a term that does not have a universally accepted definition, but which has variably included all written work; writing that possesses literary merit; and language that foregrounds literariness, as opposed to ordinary language
the term derives from Latin literatura/litteratura
"writing formed with letters", although some definitions include spoken or sung texts
. Literature can be classified according to whether it is fiction
, and whether it is poetry
; it can be further distinguished according to major forms such as the novel
, short story
; and works are often categorised according to historical periods, or according to their adherence to certain aesthetic
features or expectations (genre
Literature may consist of texts based on factual information (journalistic or non-fiction), a category that may also include polemical works, biographies, and reflective essays, or it may consist of texts based on imagination (such as fiction, poetry, or drama). Literature written in poetry emphasizes the aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language—such as sound, symbolism, and metre—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, ordinary meanings, while literature written in prose applies ordinary grammatical structure and the natural flow of speech. Literature can also be classified according to historical periods, genres, and political influences. While the concept of genre has broadened over the centuries, in general, a genre consists of artistic works that fall within a certain central theme; examples of genre include romance, mystery, crime, fantasy, erotica, and adventure, among others.
More about literature… Template:/box-footer
Letters Written During a Short Residence in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark
) is a personal travel narrative
by the eighteenth-century British feminist
writer Mary Wollstonecraft
. The twenty-five letters cover a wide range of topics, from sociological reflections on Scandinavia
and its peoples to philosophical questions regarding identity. Published by Wollstonecraft's career-long publisher, Joseph Johnson
, it was the last work issued during her lifetime.
Wollstonecraft undertook her tour of Sweden, Norway, and Denmark in order to retrieve a stolen treasure ship for her lover, Gilbert Imlay. Believing that the journey would restore their strained relationship, she eagerly set off. However, over the course of the three months she spent in Scandinavia, she realized that Imlay had no intention of renewing the relationship. The letters, which constitute the text, drawn from her journal and from missives she sent to Imlay, reflect her anger and melancholy over his repeated betrayals. Letters Written in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark is therefore both a travel narrative and an autobiographical memoir.
Using the rhetoric of the sublime, Wollstonecraft explores the relationship between self and society in the text. She values subjective experience, particularly in relation to nature; champions the liberation and education of women; and illustrates the detrimental effects of commerce on society.
Sir William Schwenck Gilbert
(18 November 1836 – 29 May 1911) was an English dramatist
, poet and illustrator best known for the fourteen comic operas
(known as the Savoy operas
) produced in collaboration
with the composer Sir Arthur Sullivan
. The most famous of these include H.M.S. Pinafore
, The Pirates of Penzance
, and one of the most frequently performed works in the history of musical theatre, The Mikado
. These, as well as several of the other Savoy operas, continue to be frequently performed in the English-speaking world and beyond by opera companies, repertory companies, schools and community theatre groups. Lines from these works have become part of the English language, such as "short, sharp shock
", "What, never? Well, hardly ever!", and "Let the punishment fit the crime".
Gilbert also wrote the Bab Ballads, an extensive collection of light verse accompanied by his own comical drawings. His creative output included over 75 plays and libretti, numerous stories, poems, lyrics and various other comic and serious pieces. His plays and realistic style of stage direction inspired other dramatists, including Oscar Wilde and George Bernard Shaw. According to The Cambridge History of English and American Literature, Gilbert's "lyrical facility and his mastery of metre raised the poetical quality of comic opera to a position that it had never reached before and has not reached since".
||O Romeo, Romeo! wherefore art thou Romeo?
Deny thy father and refuse thy name;
Or, if thou wilt not, be but sworn my love,
And I'll no longer be a Capulet.
|— William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet
Click [+] or ► to view subcategories
Template:/box-header 23 September
- 480 BC - Euripides, Greek playwright born
- 1605 - Pontus de Tyard, French poet died
- 1764 - Robert Dodsley, English writer died
- 1863 - Mary Church Terrell, American writer born
- 1865 - Baroness Orczy, British novelist born
- 1870 - Prosper Mérimée, French author died
- 1889 - Wilkie Collins, British author died
- 1901 - Jaroslav Seifert, Czech writer born
- 1907 - Dominique Aury, French novelist born
- 1943 - Elinor Glyn, English author died
- 1956 - Peter David, American writer born
- 1973 - Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet died
- 1994 - Robert Bloch, American author died
Template:/box-footer Template:/box-header Portals related to literature:
Template:/box-footer Template:/box-header WikiProjects related to literature:
The following Wikimedia
sister projects provide more on this subject: