Pittsburgh is the second largest city in Pennsylvania and its metropolitan area ranks as the largest in both Appalachia and the Ohio River Valley while being the 22nd largest urban area in the United States.
Pittsburgh is dominated by the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers which form the Ohio River. This strategic juncture was a major site of the North American theater of the Seven Years' War, with Great Britain winning control in 1758 to establish Fort Pitt in honor of "The Great Commoner", William Pitt. Following the American Revolution, the area grew as an important transportation center and primary gateway to the American frontier. 19th century coal and iron production made Pittsburgh into the world leader of steel and by 1910 the city was the eighth largest in the United States. With the collapse of American industries in the 1980s, Pittsburgh lost population but has successfully transitioned its economy into a world leader of healthcare, technology, education, and financial services.
Pittsburgh is known colloquially as "The Steel City", for its continued leadership in steel production, as well as "The City of Bridges" for its world record 466 structures. The city's official colors of black and gold are so symbolic that all pro-sports teams from the area, the Penguins, Pirates, and Steelers have also adopted them. Multiple publications have named Pittsburgh the "most livable city" in the United States for its low crime, affordability, and plentiful educational, cultural, and recreational amenities with its skyline vistas ranked by USA Today as second only to the Grand Canyon.
), founded in 1933, is a chain of sandwich
shops found throughout Pittsburgh
and its suburbs, with an additional three locations in the Fort Lauderdale
area. Its signature items are its sandwiches, considered a Pittsburgh staple, which consist of grilled meat
, a vinegar
-based cole slaw
slices, and French fries
between two pieces of Italian bread. The original shop is located in Pittsburgh's Strip District
, and the unique sandwiches were created for truckers so that they eat a meal with one hand while the driving with the other.
(August 6, 1928 – February 22, 1987), known as Andy Warhol
, was an painter
, and filmmaker
originally from Pittsburgh
who was a leading figure in the visual art movement
known as pop art
. After a successful career as a commercial illustrator
, Warhol became famous worldwide for his work as a painter, avant-garde
filmmaker, record producer, author, and public figure known for his membership in wildly diverse social circles that included bohemian
street people, distinguished intellectuals, Hollywood
celebrities and wealthy patrons.
Warhol has been the subject of numerous retrospective exhibitions, books, and feature and documentary films. He coined the widely used expression "15 minutes of fame". In his hometown of Pittsburgh, The Andy Warhol Museum exists in memory of his life and artwork and is the largest museum in the United States dedicated to a single artist.
The highest price ever paid for a Warhol painting is $100 million for a 1963 canvas titled Eight Elvises. The private transaction was reported in a 2009 article in The Economist, which described Warhol as the "bellwether of the art market." $100 million is a benchmark price that only Jackson Pollock, Pablo Picasso, Gustav Klimt and Willem de Kooning have achieved.
The Nationality Rooms
are a collection of 27 classrooms in the University of Pittsburgh's Cathedral of Learning
depicting and donated by the ethnic groups that helped build the city of Pittsburgh
. The rooms are designated as a Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation
historical landmark and are located on the 1st and 3rd floors of the Cathedral of Learning, itself a national historic landmark, on the University of Pittsburgh
's main campus in the Oakland
neighborhood of Pittsburgh
. Although of museum caliber, twenty-five of the 27 rooms are in almost constant use as functional classrooms and utilized daily by University of Pittsburgh faculty and students, while the other two are display rooms which can be explored only via guided tour. The Nationality Rooms also serve in a vigorous program of intercultural involvement and exchange in which the original organizing committees for the individual rooms remain as participants and includes a program of annual student scholarship to facilitate study abroad. In addition, the Nationality Rooms inspire lectures, seminars, concerts exhibitions and social events which focus on the various heritages and traditions of the nations represented. The various national, traditional and religious holidays of the nations represented are celebrated on campus and the rooms are appropriately decorated to reflect these occasions.
- (1713) The Treaty of Utrecht removes French forces from Ontario & Erie shores.
- (1907) 20,000 attend as Andrew Carnegie dedicates CMU with a $158 millionia gift.
- (1912) “Pirates” is officially adopted for uniforms, displayed in capital letters down the jersey’s button lapel, replacing the old PBC (Pittsburgh Baseball Club) during a home opening loss to St. Louis.
- (1921) The world's 1st sports broadcast--a 10 round boxing match--goes on the air from Motor Square Garden via KDKA.
- ...that Litchfield Towers is the largest and tallest dormitory at the University of Pittsburgh's main campus, at 22 stories in height and housing over 1,850 residents?
- ... that Emil John Mihalik, the first Byzantine Eparch of Parma, was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania?
- ... that the 23 home runs hit by Johnny Rizzo in 1938 set a Pittsburgh Pirates team record at the time, and his nine RBI in a 1939 game set a single game team record that still stands today?
- ... that the American Iron and Steel Institute formed the Steelmark in 1960 to promote American steel, with the logo put on the helmets of the Pittsburgh Steelers in 1962 to further publicize the program?
- ... that William J. Winter, while serving as auxiliary bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh, confirmed an estimated 45,000 Catholics?