Portal:Shia Islam

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Template:/box-header Shi'a Islam or Shi`ism (from the Arabic word شيعة, short for the historic phrase shi`at `Ali شيعة علي, meaning "the followers of Ali") is the second-largest Islamic denomination. The singular/adjective form of this name is Arabic shi`i شيعي. This is used to refer to a follower of the Ahlul Bayt, and in particular a follower of Ali ibn Abi Talib, who was the Islamic prophet Muhammad's cousin, his son-in-law, and the father of Muhammad's only descendants. Ali was the male head of the Ahlul Bayt (Muhammad's household). Template:/box-footer

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A manuscript of "Al-Risalah al-Dhahabiah"
Al-Risalah al-Dhahabiah (Arabic: الرسالة الذهبیة‎‎ , Arabic pronunciation: ['rɪsælætæ 'ðæhæ'biæ]; "The Golden Treatise") is a medical dissertation on health and remedies attributed to Ali ibn Musa al-Ridha (765–818), the eighth Imam of Shia. He wrote this dissertation in accordance with the demand of Ma'mun, the caliph of the time. It is revered as the most precious Islamic literature in the science of medicine, and was entitled "the golden treatise" as Ma'mun had ordered it written in gold ink. The chain of narrators is said to reach Muhammad ibn Jumhoor or al-Hassan ibn Muhammad al-Nawfali who is described as "highly esteemed and trustworthy" by al-Najjashi. The treatise of Ali al-Ridha includes scientific branches such as Anatomy, Physiology, Chemistry and Pathology when medical science was still primitive. According to the treatise, one's health is determined by four humors of blood, yellow bile, black bile and phlegm, the suitable proportion of which maintains the health. The liver plays an important role in producing and maintaining the required proportions in the body. Ali al-Ridha describes the body as a kingdom whose king is the heart while the (blood) vessels, the limbs, and the brain are the laborers.

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Hassan ibn Ali, the second Imam of Shia.
"Thought, meditation and pondering is the life of clear sighted people."


  • Majlisi, Bihārul Anwār, vol.72, p. 115.

On this day



31 January: At least 60 people were killed and 110 wounded in a twin-suicide bomb attack in the town of Sayyidah Zaynab. The ISIS has accepted responsibility for the attack. (NBC News)
With reference to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and Chief of Army Staff General Raheel Sharif visit to Saudi Arabia and Iran from 18 January-2016 to defuse tension between the two countries, Daily Pakistan and Daily Jang disclose that Pakistan’s initiative for mediation between Iran and Saudi Arab have positive signals from both sides.
Chinese President will also visit the Iran and Saudi Arab next week. It is retrieved that China helped broker a landmark nuclear deal with Iran. After signing framework agreement, Iran became a founding member of Beijing-backed Asian Infrastructure Bank (Express Tribune). Mediation from Russia and Iraq have also been reported earlier (Daily Pakistan) (BBC)
Ladakh January 5: Buddhist, Christian and Sunni + Shia Muslims communities from Leh and Kargil have taken out a joint candle light march against the execution of Sheikh Nimr (Two Circles)
Disasters and accidents
  • 2015 Zaria Shia Massacre: Nigeria’s military has quickly buried the corpses of at least 300 Shia Muslims killed during raids at the house of Ibrahim Zakzaky in Zaria city earlier in December-2015 (BBC). HRW Africa added that: at best it was a brutal overreaction and at worst it was a planned attack on the minority Shia group (IBT)


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The shrine of Husayn, as seen from the shrine of Abbas in Karbala, Karbala Governorate, Iraq
Husayn ibn ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (Arabic: الحسين بن علي بن أبي طالب‎‎‎; 08 January 626 AD – 10 October 680 AD) (3rd / 4th Sha'aban 4 AH – 10th Muharram 61 AH), sometimes spelled Hussein, was the son of Ali ibn Abi Ṭalib (fourth Rashidun Caliph of Sunni Islam, and first Imam of Shia Islam) and Fatimah Zahra (daughter of Muhammad) and the younger brother of Hasan ibn Ali. Husayn is an important figure in Islam, as he is a member of the Ahl al-Bayt (the household of Muhammad) and Ahl al-Kisa, as well as being the third Shia Imam.Husayn is highly regarded by Shiite Muslims because he refused to pledge allegiance to Yazid I, the Umayyad caliph because he considered the rule of the Umayyads unjust. As a consequence, he left Medina, his home town, and traveled to Mecca. At Karbala his caravan was intercepted by Yazid I's army. He was killed and beheaded in the Battle of Karbala in 680 (61 AH) by Shimr Ibn Thil-Jawshan, along with most of his family and companions. The annual memorial for him, his family, his children and his companions is called Ashura (tenth day of Muharram) and is a day of mourning for Shiite Muslims. The killings at Karbala fueled the later Shiite movements. Anger at Husayn's death was turned into a rallying cry that helped undermine and ultimately overthrow the Umayyad Caliphate.

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Sayyid Hassan Nasrallah (Arabic: السيّد حسن نصرالله‎‎; born 31 August 1960) has been the third Secretary General of the Lebanese political and paramilitary organization Hezbollah since his predecessor, Abbas al-Musawi, was assassinated by the Israel Defense Forces in February 1992. Hezbollah has since been designated a terrorist organization, either wholly or in part, by the United States, European Union and other nations. Nasrallah is often referred to as "al-Sayyid Hassan" (السيّد حسن), the honorific "Sayyid" denoting descent from the Islamic prophet Muhammad through his grandson Husain ibn Ali.

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Khomeini-shrine, Tehran

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