Portal:United States Army

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search


Template:/Header Template:/box-header

Emblem of the United States Department of the Army.svg

The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. Like all armies, it has the primary responsibility for land-based military operations.

The modern Army had its roots in the Continental Army which was formed on June 14, 1775, before the establishment of the United States, to meet the demands of the American Revolutionary War. Congress created the United States Army on June 3, 1784 after the end of the war to replace the disbanded Continental Army. The Army considers itself to be descended from the Continental Army, and thus dates its inception from the origins of that force.[1]

Control and operation of the Army is administered by the Department of the Army, one of the three service departments of the Department of Defense. The civilian head is the Secretary of the Army and the highest ranking military officer in the department is the Chief of Staff. As of August 31, 2007, the Regular Army reported a strength of 519,471 soldiers.[2] By the end of 2006, the Army National Guard (ARNG) reported 346,288 and the United States Army Reserve (USAR) reported 189,975, putting the approximate combined component strength total at 1,055,734.[3] Template:/box-footer

Show new content...

Featured article

Moh army mil.jpg
The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. It is often colloquially referred to as the Congressional Medal of Honor because the President presents the award "in the name of the Congress". It is bestowed on a member of the United States armed forces who distinguishes himself or herself "…conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States…"

Members of all branches of the U.S. military are eligible to receive the medal, and each service has a unique design (although the Marine Corps uses the Navy's medal and a specific Coast Guard's version of the medal has never been awarded. The Medal of Honor is often presented personally to the recipient or, in the case of posthumous awards, to survivors, by the President of the United States. Due to its high status, the medal has special protection under U.S. law.

Selected picture

Casing.jpg

A shell casing flies out with a trail of smoke as U.S. Army PFC Michael Freise fires an M4 carbine rifle during a firing exercise.

Photo credit: Staff Sgt. Suzanne M. Day, defenselink.mil

Selected biography

General George C. Marshall, official military photo, 1946.JPEG
General of the Army George Catlett Marshall, Jr., US Army (December 31, 1880 – October 16, 1959), was an American military leader, Secretary of State, and the third Secretary of Defense. Once dubbed the “organizer of victory” by Winston Churchill for his leadership of the Allied victory in World War II, Marshall later became instrumental in the post-war reconstruction effort in Europe, which became known as the Marshall Plan. For this latter role Marshall received the Nobel Peace Prize, the only American professional soldier to hold that distinction.

Quotes

Pattonphoto.jpg

"When we land against the enemy, don't forget to hit him and hit him hard. When we meet the enemy we will kill him. We will show him no mercy." -George S. Patton

Template:/box-header

File:4996494335 25812dffaf o.jpg
The Black Beret and ACU uniform

Replacement of Black Beret by Patrol Cap one of several changes made by uniform board

After polling Army personnel for input, the Army's uniform board has instituted several changes to the Army's attire. First and foremost, the Black Beret will be relegated to the Army's service dress uniform. Velcro is also being made optional for some closures. Soldiers will be provided the chance to sew patches to their uniform.

The beret has been the standard headgear for the Army's ACU combat uniform since June 2001. The beret is worn on base and for ceremonies while the patrol cap is worn in the field. Soldiers disliked the beret for its nonexistent practical purpose and the redundancy of having to carry both a beret and hat at all times. “The [ACU] signifies a uniform that should be worn in combat or training for combat, yet a beret doesn’t even make the cut on the deployment packing list,” said one NCO. The Army will now issue only one beret to each soldier for a cost savings of $6.5 million over the lifecycle of the ACU.

Soldiers will still wear their berets with their Army Service Uniform. Soldiers are pleased overall with the appearance of the beret on the ASU. The change does not effect Special Forces soldiers such as the Army Special Forces who wear distinctive Green Berets.

Velcro replaced buttons on the digital ACU replacement for the BDU. Velcro was received as being too noisy, messy, and unprofessional looking by early users after the new ACU uniform was adopted by the Army. Soldiers voiced their opposition to velcro to the Army's Uniform board earlier this year prior to the decision.


Sources: AT:Beret going away?, AT:Army dumps Beret, ANS:Velcro optional, Patrol Cap default
News Archive

Template:/box-footer

Equipment

Stryker-IFV-50cal.jpg
The Stryker is a family of eight-wheeled all wheel drive (AWD) armored combat vehicles (ACVs) in current use by the US Army. It is the first new military vehicle to enter service in the US military since the M2 Bradley in the 1980s. The Stryker is based on the Canadian LAV III light-armored vehicle, which in turn is based on the Mowag Piranha.

Template:/box-header

Template:/box-footer

Template:/box-header {{US-Army-stub}} - for US Army articles that need work

Template:/box-footer

Template:/box-header


Waricon.svg
Napoleon(1850).jpg
United States Arms.svg
40px
Sherman Tank WW2.jpg
WikiProject Military history Maritime warfare task force US military history task force Military aviation task force WWII task force


Template:/box-footer

Template:/box-header

United States Department of Defense Seal.svg
Seal of the United States Department of the Navy.svg
Seal of the United States Marine Corps.svg
Seal of the US Air Force.svg
USCG S W.svg
Military of the United States United States Navy United States Marine Corps United States Air Force United States Coast Guard


60px
Nuclear fireball white background.jpg
1944 NormandyLST.jpg
United states confederate flag hybrid.png
NATO Portal War World War I Portal World War II Portal American Civil War

Template:/box-footer

Template:/box-header

Template:/box-footer

  1. "June 14th: The Birthday of the U.S. Army". United States Army Center of Military History. 
  2. http://siadapp.dmdc.osd.mil/personnel/MILITARY/ms1.pdf DoD PERSONNEL & PROCUREMENT STATISTICS, retrieved 2007-10-31
  3. army.mil