World War II, or the Second World War, was a global military conflict. It began as the joining of what had initially been two separate conflicts, with the first beginning in Asia in 1937 (the Second Sino-Japanese War) and the other beginning in Europe in 1939 (the German and Soviet invasion of Poland).
The war split the majority of the world's nations into two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It involved the mobilization of over 100 million military personnel, making it the most widespread war in history, and placed the participants in a state of "total war", which erased the distinction between civil and military resources and resulted in the complete activation of a nation's economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities for the purposes of the war effort. Over 70 million people, the majority of them civilians, were killed, making it the deadliest conflict in human history.
The Allies won the war, and as a result, the Soviet Union and the United States emerged as the world's leading superpowers. This set the stage for the Cold War, which lasted for the next 45 years. The United Nations was formed in the hope of preventing another such conflict. The self determination spawned by the war accelerated decolonization movements in Asia and Africa, while Europe itself began moving toward integration.
3rd Battalion 3rd Marines
(3/3) is an infantry battalion
in the United States Marine Corps
, based out of Kāne'ohe, Hawai'i
, and consisting of approximately 800 Marines and Sailors
.Known as "America's Battalion", the unit falls under the 3rd Marine Regiment
of the 3rd Marine Division
.The battalion was originally at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina
in 1942 and saw action on both Bougainville
during World War II
. Following the war, it was disbanded until 1951, when it was reformed in California
. The battalion was alerted for possible deployment during the 1956 Suez War
and the 1958 intervention in Lebanon
. In 1965, the Marines of 3rd Battalion were deployed to Vietnam
and participated in Operation Starlite
, the first major Marine engagement of that conflict. The battalion continued to see major action through the Vietnam War
and was rotated back to the United States in 1969. Around the end of the Vietnam War, 3rd Battalion was deactivated for a second time in 1974.
The Battle of Tassafaronga
, sometimes referred to as the Fourth Battle of Savo Island
or, in Japanese sources, as the Battle of Lunga Point (ルンガ沖夜戦)
, was a nighttime naval battle
that took place November 30, 1942 between United States
and Imperial Japanese Navy
warships during the Guadalcanal campaign
. The battle took place in Ironbottom Sound
near the Tassafaronga area on Guadalcanal
.In the battle, a US warship force of five cruisers and four destroyers under the command of Carleton H. Wright
attempted to surprise and destroy a Japanese warship force of eight destroyers under the command of Raizo Tanaka
. Tanaka's warships were attempting to deliver food supplies to Japanese forces on Guadalcanal.Using radar
, the US warships opened fire and sank one of the Japanese destroyers. Tanaka and the rest of his ships, however, reacted quickly and launched numerous torpedoes at the US warships. The Japanese torpedoes hit and sank one US cruiser and heavily damaged three others, enabling the rest of Tanaka's force to escape without significant additional damage but also without completing the mission of delivering the food supplies.