or The Yukon
is the westernmost and smallest of Canada
's three federal territories
. It was named after the Yukon River
, Yukon meaning "Great River" in Gwich’in
. The territory's capital is Whitehorse
. The territory was created in 1898 as the Yukon Territory
. The federal government's most recent update of the Yukon Act
in 2003 confirmed "Yukon", rather than "Yukon Territory", as the current usage standard. At 5,959 metres (19,551 ft), Yukon's Mount Logan
, in Kluane National Park and Reserve
, is the highest mountain in Canada and the second highest of North America
in the U.S. state
The territory is the approximate shape of a right triangle, bordering the U.S. state of Alaska to the west for 1,210 km (752 miles) mostly along longitude 141° W, the Northwest Territories to the east and British Columbia to the south. Its northern coast is on the Beaufort Sea. Its ragged eastern boundary mostly follows the divide between the Yukon Basin and the Mackenzie River drainage basin to the east in the Mackenzie mountains. Its capital is Whitehorse.
According to the 2001 Canadian census, the largest ethnic group in Yukon is English (27.1%), followed by First Nations (22.3%), Scottish (21.9%), Irish (19.1%), German (14.3%), and French (13.4%) – although over a quarter of all respondents also identified their ethnicity as "Canadian." An umbrella land claim agreement representing 7,000 members of fourteen different First Nations was signed with the federal government in 1992. Each of the individual First Nations then has to negotiate a specific land claim and a self-government agreement. As of December 2005, eleven of the 14 First Nations had a signed agreement. The territory once had an Inuit settlement, located on Herschel Island off the Arctic coast. This settlement was dismantled in 1987 and its inhabitants relocated to the Northwest Territories.
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The Yukon Quest 1,000-mile International Sled Dog Race
, or simply Yukon Quest
, is a sled dog
race run every February between Fairbanks
, and Whitehorse
. Because of the harsh winter conditions, difficult trail, and the limited support that competitors are allowed, it is considered the "most difficult sled dog race in the world", or even the "toughest race in the world".
In the competition, first run in 1984, a dog team leader (called a musher) and a team of 6 to 14 dogs race for 10 to 20 days. The course follows the route of the historic 1890s Klondike Gold Rush, mail delivery, and transportation routes between Fairbanks, Dawson City, and Whitehorse. Mushers pack up to 250 pounds (113 kg) of equipment and provisions for themselves and their dogs to survive between checkpoints. They are permitted to leave dogs at checkpoints and dog drops, but not to replace them.
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Selected biography -
, also known as Kate Carmack
1862 – 29 March 1920) was a Tagish First Nation
woman born near Bennett Lake
. She lived with her parents, and seven sisters and brothers, near Carcross, Yukon
. Her father, Kaachgaawáa, was the head of the Tlingit
crow clan, while her mother, Gus’dutéen, was a member of the Tagish wolf clan. Her name in Tlingit
Kate was fishing for salmon on the Klondike River in August 1896, when a party led by her brother came looking for her. The party then discovered gold in Rabbit Creek (later renamed Bonanza Creek), setting in motion the Klondike Gold Rush.
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