Pound, Virginia

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Town of Pound, Virginia
Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia
Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Country United States
State Virginia
County Wise
 • Mayor George Dean
 • Total 2.6 sq mi (6.8 km2)
 • Land 2.6 sq mi (6.8 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,565 ft (477 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 1,089
 • Density 417.6/sq mi (161.2/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 24279
Area code(s) 276
FIPS code 51-64272[1]
GNIS feature ID 1499906[2]
Website http://www.poundva.com/

Pound is a town in Wise County, Virginia. The population was recorded as 1,089 in the 2000 census.


The Flat Gap High School and Sunnydale Farm are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[3]

World famous author and motivational speaker Napoleon Hill was born in Pound in 1883.[4]


Pound is located at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. (37.123820, -82.607859).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.6 square miles (6.8 km²), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 1,193
1960 1,135 −4.9%
1970 995 −12.3%
1980 1,086 9.1%
1990 995 −8.4%
2000 1,089 9.4%
2010 1,037 −4.8%
Est. 2014 976 [6] −5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

At the 2000 census,[1] there were 1,089 people, 455 households and 322 families residing in the town. The population density was 417.6 per square mile (161.1/km²). There were 516 housing units at an average density of 197.9 per square mile (76.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.71% White, 0.09% Native American, 0.09% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.18% of the population.

There were 455 households of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.2% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.88.

24.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 87.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.8 males.

The median household income was $29,107 and the median family income was $33,688. Males had a median income of $32,065 versus $22,143 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,375. About 19.4% of families and 23.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.9% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.


Pound has one public school: James Woodrow Adams Combined School.[8]

Red Onion State Prison

Pound is the site of Red Onion State Prison, a "supermax" state prison that has been a part of the Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Corrections since August, 1998, and is a twin facility to Wallens Ridge State Prison in Big Stone Gap, Virginia.


US 23 runs through Pound and crosses into Kentucky at Pound Gap. Pound is also the proposed connection to US 23 for the planned Coalfield Expressway.

Places of interest

Notable residents


The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate System describes the weather as humid subtropical, and uses the abbreviation Cfa.[9]


  1. 1.0 1.1 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Staff (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. http://www.tom2tall.com/Pound-Virginia.html
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. [1]
  9. Climate Summary for Pound, Virginia