List of Presidents of Tunisia
|President of the Tunisian Republic
رئيس الجمهورية التونسية
Président de la République tunisienne
Standard of the President of Tunisia
|Residence||Palace of the Republic, Carthage|
|Term length||Five years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Habib Bourguiba|
|Formation||25 July 1957|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
This page lists the holders of the office of President of Tunisia and those who have acted in that capacity in the absence of a sworn President.
The first President of Tunisia was Habib Bourguiba, who took office on 25 July 1957, the day on which Tunisia was declared a republic. Since then the office has been held by Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Moncef Marzouki and current President Beji Caid Essebsi. In addition, Mohamed Ghannouchi and Fouad Mebazaa acted as Presidents during the Tunisian revolution.
Following Zine El Abidine Ben Ali's flight from the country on 14 January 2011 in the Tunisian revolution, the office was assumed by the Prime Minister Mohamed Ghannouchi, but this was found to be unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court a few hours later. On 15 January 2011, the President of the Chamber of Deputies Fouad Mebazaa was appointed to be acting President, as Ben Ali's constitutional successor. President Moncef Marzouki took office on 13 December 2011, after being elected by the Constituent Assembly.
Current President Essebsi took office on 31 December 2014, after being elected by the 2014 presidential election.
|Elected||Term of Office||Party|
|25 July 1957||22 October 1964||Neo Destour
(New Constitutional Liberal Party)
|(1)||22 October 1964||7 November 1987||Socialist Destourian Party|
|2||Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
زين العابدين بن علي
|7 November 1987||27 February 1988||Socialist Destourian Party|
|(2)||27 February 1988||14 January 2011||Democratic Constitutional Rally|
|—||14 January 2011||15 January 2011||Democratic Constitutional Rally|
|—||15 January 2011||18 January 2011||Democratic Constitutional Rally|
|(—)||18 January 2011||13 December 2011||Independent|
|2011[§][C]||13 December 2011||31 December 2014||Congress for the Republic|
|4||Beji Caid Essebsi
الباجي قائد السبسي
|2014||31 December 2014||Incumbent||Nidaa Tounes|
Note: For details of the post of President of Tunisia, see President of Tunisia.
- Proclaimed President for Life by the Chamber of Deputies in March 1975.
- Impeached due to old age and ill health.
- Fled the country during the Revolution.
- Self-proclaimed Acting President for a few hours, as the Prime Minister.
- Succeeded Ben Ali as the constitutional successor, President of the Chamber of Deputies.
- "Tunisia: New government leaders quit ruling party". BBC News. 18 January 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Rank by time in office
|Rank||President||Time in office|
|1||Habib Bourguiba||30 years, 105 days|
|2||Zine El Abidine Ben Ali||23 years, 68 days|
|3||Moncef Marzouki||3 years, 18 days|
|4||Beji Caid Essebsi (Incumbent)||4 years, 18 days|