List of Presidents of Tunisia

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President of the Tunisian Republic
رئيس الجمهورية التونسية
Président de la République tunisienne
130px
Standard of the President of Tunisia
Béji Caïd Essebsi 2015-05-20.jpg
Incumbent
Beji Caid Essebsi

since 31 December 2014
Style Son Excellence
Residence Palace of the Republic, Carthage
Term length Five years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Habib Bourguiba
Formation 25 July 1957
Website www.carthage.tn
Coat of arms of Tunisia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Tunisia
Foreign relations

This page lists the holders of the office of President of Tunisia and those who have acted in that capacity in the absence of a sworn President.

Background

The first President of Tunisia was Habib Bourguiba, who took office on 25 July 1957, the day on which Tunisia was declared a republic. Since then the office has been held by Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Moncef Marzouki and current President Beji Caid Essebsi. In addition, Mohamed Ghannouchi and Fouad Mebazaa acted as Presidents during the Tunisian revolution.

Following Zine El Abidine Ben Ali's flight from the country on 14 January 2011 in the Tunisian revolution, the office was assumed by the Prime Minister Mohamed Ghannouchi, but this was found to be unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court a few hours later. On 15 January 2011, the President of the Chamber of Deputies Fouad Mebazaa was appointed to be acting President, as Ben Ali's constitutional successor. President Moncef Marzouki took office on 13 December 2011, after being elected by the Constituent Assembly.

Current President Essebsi took office on 31 December 2014, after being elected by the 2014 presidential election.

List

Key

§ Elected unopposed
C Elected by the Constituent Assembly

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of Office Party
1 Bourguiba 1960.jpg Habib Bourguiba
حبيب بورقيبة

(1903–2000)[1]

1959[§]
1964[§]
1969[§]
1974[§]
25 July 1957 22 October 1964 Neo Destour
(New Constitutional Liberal Party)
(1) 22 October 1964 7 November 1987[2] Socialist Destourian Party
2 Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.jpg Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
زين العابدين بن علي

(1936–)

1989[§]
1994[§]

1999
2004
2009
7 November 1987 27 February 1988 Socialist Destourian Party
(2) 27 February 1988 14 January 2011[3] Democratic Constitutional Rally
Mohamed Ghannouchi.jpg Mohamed Ghannouchi
محمد الغنوشي

(1941–)
Acting President[4]

14 January 2011 15 January 2011 Democratic Constitutional Rally
Fouad Mebazaa 15 jan 2011.jpg Fouad Mebazaa
فؤاد المبزع

(1933–)
Acting President[5]

15 January 2011 18 January 2011[6] Democratic Constitutional Rally
(—) 18 January 2011 13 December 2011 Independent
3 Moncef Marzouki2.jpg Moncef Marzouki
المنصف المرزوقي

(1945–)

2011[§][C] 13 December 2011 31 December 2014 Congress for the Republic
4 Béji Caïd Essebsi 2015-05-20.jpg Beji Caid Essebsi
الباجي قائد السبسي

(1926–)

2014 31 December 2014 Incumbent Nidaa Tounes

Note: For details of the post of President of Tunisia, see President of Tunisia.

Timeline

Footnotes

  1. Proclaimed President for Life by the Chamber of Deputies in March 1975.
  2. Impeached due to old age and ill health.
  3. Fled the country during the Revolution.
  4. Self-proclaimed Acting President for a few hours, as the Prime Minister.
  5. Succeeded Ben Ali as the constitutional successor, President of the Chamber of Deputies.
  6. "Tunisia: New government leaders quit ruling party". BBC News. 18 January 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Rank by time in office

Rank President Time in office
1 Habib Bourguiba 30 years, 105 days
2 Zine El Abidine Ben Ali 23 years, 68 days
3 Moncef Marzouki 3 years, 18 days
4 Beji Caid Essebsi (Incumbent) 4 years, 18 days

See also

External links