List of heads of state of Chad

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President of the
Republic of Chad
Coat of arms of Chad.svg
Idriss Déby

since 2 December 1990
Term length 5 years
Inaugural holder François Tombalbaye
Formation 11 August 1960
Coat of arms of Chad.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

The following is a list of heads of state of Chad, since the country gained independence from France in 1960.

List of Heads of State of Chad

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Tenure Portrait Incumbent Affiliation Notes
Republic of Chad Independence from France
(République du Tchad)
11 August 1960 to 23 April 1962 François Tombalbaye p1959.jpg François Tombalbaye, Head of State PPT  
23 April 1962 to 30 August 1973 François Tombalbaye, President Changed name to N’Garta Tombalbaye
30 August 1973 to 13 April 1975 N’Garta Tombalbaye, President MNRCS Previously named François Tombalbaye; Killed in a coup d'état
13 April 1975 to 15 April 1975 Noël Milarew Odingar, interim Head of State Mil  
15 April 1975 to 12 May 1975 Félix Malloum N'Gakoutou, Chairman of the Supreme Military Council Mil  
12 May 1975 to 29 August 1978 Félix Malloum N'Gakoutou, Head of State
29 August 1978 to 23 March 1979 Félix Malloum N'Gakoutou, President Resigned
23 March 1979 to 29 April 1979 Goukouni Oueddei, Chairman of the Provisional Council of State FROLINAT-FAP 1st Term
29 April 1979 to 3 September 1979 Lol Mahamat Choua, President of the Transitional Government of National Unity MPLT
3 September 1979 to 10 November 1979 Goukouni Oueddei, Chairman of the Provisional Administrative Committee FROLINAT-FAP 2nd Term
10 November 1979 to 7 June 1982 Goukouni Oueddei, President of the Transitional Government of National Unity 2nd Term; Deposed in a coup d'état
7 June 1982 to 19 June 1982 60px Hissène Habré, Chairman of the Command Council of the Armed Forces of the North FAN  
19 June 1982 to 21 October 1982 Hissène Habré, Chairman of the Council of State
21 October 1982 to 1984 Hissène Habré, President
1984 to 2 December 1990 UNIR Deposed
2 December 1990 to 4 December 1990 60px Idriss Déby, President of the Patriotic Salvation Movement MPS  
4 December 1990 to 4 March 1991 Idriss Déby, President of the Council of State
4 March 1991 to Present Idriss Déby, President


ACTUS Action Tchadienne pour l'Unité et le Socialisme (Chadian Action for Unity and Socialism)
ANDR Alliance Nationale pour la Démocratie et le Renouveau (National Union for Democracy and Renewal)
MPS Mouvement Patriotique du Salut (Patriotic Salvation Movement)
MPLT Mouvement Populaire pour la Libération du Tchad (Popular Movement for the Liberation of Chad)
UDR Union pour la Démocratie et la République (Union for Democracy and Republic)
UNIR Union Nationale pour l’Indépendance et Révolution (National Union for Independence and Revolution) until 1984: FAN
VIVA Rassemblement national pour le développement et le progrès (National Rally for Development and Progress)
ANLC Avant National de Libération du Chad (Front for the National Liberation of the Chad)
FAN Forces Armées du Nord (Armed Forces of the North) from 1984: UNIR
FAP Forces Armées Populaires (People's Armed Forces)
FROLINAT Front de Libération Nationale du Tchad (National Liberation Front of Chad) pro-Libyan, to 1987
GIRT Groupement des Indépendants et Ruraux Tchadiens (Rally of Chadian Independents and Peasants) split from Union Démocratique Tchadienne
MNRCS Mouvement National pour la Révolution Culturelle et Sociale (National Movement for the Cultural and Social Revolution) only legal party Jun 1973-13 April 1975, from PPT
PPT Parti Progressiste Tchadienne (Chadian Progressive Party) leftist, only legal party Jan 1962-Jun 1973, from 1973: MNRCS
RUDT Rassemlement pour l’Unité et la Démocratie au Tchad (Rally for Unity and Democracy in Chad)
Mil Military
n-p non-partisan

Latest election

Candidate Party Votes %
Idriss Déby Patriotic Salvation Movement 61.56
Saleh Kebzabo National Union for Democracy and Renewal 12.80
Laoukein Kourayo Médard 10.69
Djimrangar Dadnadji 5.06
Malloum Yoboide Djeraki 1.84
Mahamat Ahmad Alhabo 1.61
Clément Djimet Bagaou 1.44
Gali Gatta Ngothé 1.27
Brice Mbaimon Guedmbaye 1.02
Abdoulaye Mbodou Mbami 1.02
Beassoumda Julien 0.56
Djividi Boukar 0.48
Nouradine Delwa Kassiré Coumakoye 0.44
Mahamat Yesko Brahim 0.20
Invalid/blank votes
Total 100
Registered voters/turnout 76.11
Source: Tchad Pages

See also

External links