President of Ghana
|President of the
Republic of Ghana
Presidential Seal of Ghana
|Term length||Four years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Kwame Nkrumah
Jerry John Rawlings
1 July 1960
15 May 1992
|Salary||144,000 Cedi annually|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The President of Ghana is the elected head of state and head of government of Ghana. Officially styled President of the Republic of Ghana and Commander-in-Chief of the Ghana Armed Forces. The current President of Ghana is John Dramani Mahama, who leads the executive branch of the Government of Ghana since succeeding to the presidency of the Republic of Ghana on 24 July 2012 and inaugurated on 7 January 2013.
According to Chapter 8. Article 62 of the 1992 Constitution of Ghana, a person shall not be qualified for election as the President of Ghana unless –
- (a) he/she is a citizen of Ghana by birth
- (b) he/she has attained the age of forty years; and
- (c) he/she is a person who is otherwise qualified to be elected a Member of Parliament, except that the disqualifications set out in paragraphs (c), (d), and (e) of clause (2) of article 94 of this Constitution shall not be removed, in respect of any such person, by a presidential pardon or by the lapse of time as provided for in clause (5) of that article.
Oath of office
"I, _______________ having been elected to the high office of President of the Republic of Ghana do (in the name of the Almighty God swear) (solemnly affirm) that I will be faithful and true to the Republic of Ghana; that I will at all times preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Republic of Ghana; and that I dedicate myself to the service and well-being of the people of the Republic of Ghana and to do right to all manner of persons.
I further (solemnly swear) (solemnly affirm) that should I at any time break this oath of office; I shall submit myself to the laws of the Republic of Ghana and suffer the penalty for it. (So help me God)".
After the oath of office has been taken by the elected president, these following insignia are handed over to the president. These devices are used to display the rank of his/her office and are used on special occasions.
- President's Sword (image) and the Presidential Seat. A carved wooden seat overlaid with gold.
Powers and duties of the president
|Presidential styles of
John Dramani Mahama
|Reference style||'His Excellency President of the Republic of Ghana"|
|Spoken style||Your Excellency"|
|Alternative style||Mr. President|
Chapter 8 of the Constitution of the Republic of Ghana states the duties and the powers of the President. The president is required to:
- uphold the Constitution
- exercise executive authority of the Republic of Ghana
- preserve the safety and homeland of the Republic of Ghana.
Also, the president is given the powers:
- as the leader of the executive branch of government
- as the commander-in-chief of the military of the Republic of Ghana
- to declare war
- to hold referenda regarding issues of national importance
- to issue executive orders
- to issue medals in honor of service for the nation
- to issue pardons
- to declare a state of emergency suspending all laws or enacting a state of martial law.
The President may execute or cause to be executed treaties, agreements or conventions in the name of the Republic of Ghana. The President shall take precedence over the populace of the Republic of Ghana and may refer important policy matters to a national referendum, declare war, conclude peace and other treaties, appoint senior public officials, and grant amnesty (with the concurrence of the Parliament of Ghana). In times of serious internal or external turmoil or threat, or economic or financial crises, the president may assume emergency powers "for the maintenance of national security or public peace and order".
The President shall be removed from office if he/she is found, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution of the Republic of Ghana Chapter 8 section 69 (ii) – prejudicial or inimical to the economy or the security of the Republic of Ghana. The President shall cease to hold office as the President of the Republic of Ghana on the date the Parliament of Ghana decides that he/she be removed from office.
List of Presidents of Ghana (1960–present)
|Picture||Took office||Left office||Elected
|Presidents of the Republic of Ghana (First Republic: 1960–1966)|
|1||Dr.h.c. Kwame Nkrumah
|1 July 1960||24 February 1966
(Deposed in a coup d'état)
|1960 (1st)||Convention People's Party|
|State Presidents as Head of State (Second Republic: 1966–1972)|
|1||Major-General Joseph Arthur Ankrah
(Chairman of the National Liberation Council)
|24 February 1966||2 April 1969||—||National Liberation Council|
|2||Brigadier Akwasi Amankwa Afrifa
(Chairman of the National Liberation Council until 3 September 1969, thereafter Chairman of the Presidential Commission)
|2 April 1969||7 August 1970||—||National Liberation Council|
|3||Nii Amaa Ollennu
|7 August 1970||31 August 1970||—||Independent|
|31 August 1970||13 January 1972
(Deposed in a coup d'état)
|5||Colonel Ignatius Kutu Acheampong
(Chairman of the National Redemption Council until 9 October 1975, thereafter Chairman of the Supreme Military Council)
|13 January 1972||5 July 1978
(Deposed in a palace coup d'état)
|—||Supreme Military Council|
|6||Lieutenant-General Frederick Fred William Kwasi Akuffo
(Chairman of the Supreme Military Council)
|5 July 1978||4 June 1979
(Deposed in a coup d'état)
|—||Supreme Military Council|
|State Presidents as Head of State (Third Republic: 1979–1981)|
|1||Flight Lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings
(Chairman of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council)
|4 June 1979||24 September 1979
|—||Armed Forces Revolutionary Council|
|2||Dr. Hilla Limann
|24 September 1979||31 December 1981
(Deposed in a coup d'état)
|1979 (1st)||People's National Party|
|3||Flight Lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings
(Chairman of the Provisional National Defence Council)
|31 December 1981||7 January 1993
|—||Provisional National Defence Council|
|Presidents of the Republic of Ghana (Fourth Republic: since 1993)|
|1||Jerry John Rawlings
|7 January 1993||7 January 2001
|National Democratic Congress|
|2||John Agyekum Kufuor
|7 January 2001||7 January 2009||2000 (3rd)
|New Patriotic Party|
|3||John Evans Atta Mills
|7 January 2009||24 July 2012
(Died in office)
|2008 (5th)||National Democratic Congress|
|4||John Dramani Mahama
|100px||24 July 2012||Incumbent||2012 (6th)||National Democratic Congress|
|Current tenants||John Dramani Mahama|
The President of Ghana's official residence was Osu Castle (also known as Fort Christiansborg or Christiansborg Castle) in Accra. In 2007, The opposition MPs in Ghana stormed out of a parliamentary debate on whether to take out a $50m loan to build a new presidential palace. MPs from President John Kufuor's New Patriotic Party voted unanimously in favour of taking the loan from India.
They argued that the President should not be based in Osu Castle, where slaves used to be kept. The opposition National Democratic Congress said the money would be better spent elsewhere. The old flagstaff house used by Ghana's first president as a residence is being renovated into a museum, while the grounds on which it stands is being built up as an ultra modern office complex and residence for the president and vice-president of Ghana as well as their staff. The new presidential palace was expected to be completed by August 2008 but was finally completed in November 2008. At the inauguration of the new presidential palace, President John Kufuor revealed to the press that the new name of the palace would be Golden Jubilee House. The name was chosen in reference to the 50th anniversary of Ghana's Independence.
Part of the office space has been given to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs when it had to be relocated because of a fire that guttered its offices. The NDC government refused to move to the venue after it assumed office in 2009 noting that some of the work in the residency is not completed. The government of President Atta Mills also noted that the National Security establishment Bureau of National Investigations (BNI) wanted to ensure that security at the venue was improved before the government moved in. The name has been changed to Flagstaff House. On 7 February 2013, the office of the Presidency was finally moved to the flagstaff house.
- Escort cars
- Honorary escort (motorcycles)
- Airplanes for long-distance travel
In the autumn of 2012 a jet aircraft was acquired in the Golden Jubilee House. According to the Chief of the Golden Jubilee House Property Agency acquisition of a Embraer 190 jet aircraft for the President costed 105 million cedis (about $55 mln). The jet aircraft planned location is in the Ghanaian Presidential Retreat's Peduase Lodge.
Timeline since 1960
|John Dramani Mahama||National Democratic Congress||5,574,761||50.70|
|Nana Akufo-Addo||New Patriotic Party||5,248,898||47.74|
|Paa Kwesi Nduom||Progressive People's Party||64,362||0.59|
|Henry Herbert Lartey||Great Consolidated Popular Party||38,223||0.35|
|Ayariga Hassan||People's National Convention||24,617||0.22|
|Michael Abu Sakara Foster||Convention People's Party||20,323||0.18|
|Jacob Osei Yeboah||Independent||15,201||0.14|
|Akwasi Addai Odike||United Front Party||8,877||0.08|
|Source: Electoral Commission of Ghana|
- "Ghanaian President John Dramani Mahama sworn in". english.sina.com. Sina Corp. 7 January 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- The President – Chapter 008 – The Constitution of the Republic of Ghana 1992 – The Executive. judicial.gov.gh. Judiciary of Ghana.
- The Constitution of the Republic of Ghana 1992 – The Oath of Allegiance. judicial.gov.gh. Judiciary of Ghana.
- "Profile: Ghana President John Atta Mills". BBC World News. 3 January 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Ghana's President John Atta Mills dies". BBC World News. 24 July 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Atta Mills dies". New York Times. Retrieved 11 April 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Ghana unveils presidential palace". BBC News Online. 2008-11-10. Retrieved 7 June 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- President Mahama Moves To The Flagstaff House. presidency.gov.gh.
- President's transports. Cars. Government allocates Kufuor two Mercedes Benz cars, two four-wheel to follow
- President's transports. Air transport. Veep Inaugurating Falcon 900 EX EASY Presidential Jet
- "Ghana gets a New Presidential Jet". adeparadio.com. Retrieved 7 June 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>