President of Moldova

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President of Moldova
Standard of the President of Moldova.svg
Nicolae Timofti.jpg
Nicolae Timofti

since 23 March 2012
Style His/Her Excellency
Residence ro (Presidential Palace, Chișinău; Presidential Palace),
Appointer Parliament of Moldova
Term length Four years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Mircea Snegur
Formation September 3, 1990
Coat of arms of Moldova.svg
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The President of the Republic of Moldova is the head of state of Moldova. The current President of Moldova is Nicolae Timofti, who assumed office on 23 March 2012.


According to the Article 77 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the President of Moldova is the head of the State and represents the State and is the guarantor of national sovereignty, independence, and the unity and territorial integrity of the nation. The President is indirectly elected by the Parliament of Moldova to a four-year term; a candidate must get at least 61 votes to be elected. Presidents are limited to two terms. Nicolae Timofti was elected President by the Parliament on 16 March 2012.

Acting president

The Acting President of Moldova (Romanian: Președinte interimar al Republicii Moldova) is a person who fulfills the duties of President of Moldova when cases of incapacity and vacancy occur. It is a temporary post provided by the Constitution of Moldova.

According to Article 91 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

Suspension from office

According to Article 89 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

  • (1) In the event where the president of the Republic of Moldova commits grave offenses infringing upon constitutional provisions, he may be suspended from office by Parliament if two-thirds of the members cast their vote in support of suspension.
  • (2) The motion requesting the suspension from office must be initiated by at least one third of the members, and it must be brought to the knowledge of the President without delay. The President may give explanations on the actions for which he is being censured before parliament.
  • (3) If the motion requesting suspension from office meets with approval, a national referendum shall be organized within 30 days for removing the President from office.


According to Article 90 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

  • (1) The office of the President of the Republic of Moldova may become vacant in consequence of expiry of the presidential mandate, resignation from office, removal from office, definite impossibility of executing his duties, or death.
  • (2) The request to remove the President of the Republic of Moldova from office will be brought forward in Parliament, which will pass a decision on that request.
  • (3) Within 3 months from the date when the presidential office was announced as vacant elections for a new President will be held in accordance with the law.

List of Presidents of Moldova

Moldavian Democratic Republic (1917–1918)


      Bessarabian Peasants' Party

Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party
1 Ion C. Inculeţ (1884-1940), President of Moldavian Democratic Republic.jpg Ion Inculeț December 15 [O.S. December 2] 1917 April 9 [O.S. March 27] 1918 Bessarabian Peasants' Party

Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (1940–1991)

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

First Secretaries of the Moldavian Communist Party

Chairman of the Supreme Soviet



Portrait Name
Took office Left office Political Party
1 Mircea Snegur, March 2012-2.jpg Mircea Snegur
27 April 1990 3 September 1990 Communist Party of Moldova

Republic of Moldova (1991–present)


      PDAM       PCRM       PL       PLDM       PDM       Independent

  Acting President
Portrait Name
Took office Left office Political Party
1 Mircea Snegur, March 2012-2.jpg Mircea Snegur
3 September 1990 15 January 1997 Independent
2 Petru Lucinschi 2000.jpg Petru Lucinschi
15 January 1997 7 April 2001 Democratic Agrarian Party of Moldova
3 Vladimir Voronin 2006.jpg Vladimir Voronin
7 April 2001 11 September 2009 Party of Communists
Mihai Ghimpu Imagine.jpg Mihai Ghimpu
11 September 2009 28 December 2010 Liberal Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Vladimir Filat.jpg Vlad Filat
28 December 2010 30 December 2010 Liberal Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Marian Lupu Senate of Poland.JPG Marian Lupu
30 December 2010 23 March 2012 Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
4 Nicolae Timofti.jpg Nicolae Timofti
23 March 2012 Incumbent Independent


Official residence on Stephen the Great Boulevard.

The President Palace is located in the Buiucani sector of Chișinău. It was constructed between 1984 and 1987 to the design of architects A. Zalțman and V. Iavorski. The distinctive building was originally the meeting place of the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR (ro).

See also

External links