Presidential Security Service
|Presidential Security Service File:Presidential Security Service (South Korea) (logo).gif|
|Revised Romanization||Dae Tong Ryeong Gyeong Ho Shil|
Dae Tong Ryeong Gyeong Ho Shil
|Jurisdiction||Government of South Korea|
|Headquarters||Near Blue House|
Presidential Security Service (대통령경호실, Dae Tong Ryeong Gyeong Ho Shil), or PSS for short, is a South Korean close protection agency. Based on the United States Secret Service, the South Korean PSS is an independent agency responsible for the protection of the President of South Korea and the Blue House.
The PSS had been established in 1949 as the Kyong Mu Dae Presidential Security Police. Its name soon changed in 1960 to the Blue House Presidential Police with a Security Force raised in 1961 to closely guard Park Chung Hee.
The unit had a name change again, this time to the PSS, after the PSS Law 157 had passed in 1963 with Hong Jong Chul as its first chief under the direction of the Gyeongmundae Police Force. Yet Pak Chong-gyu headed the PSS from 1963 to 1974. PSS responsibilities were increased after North Korean soldiers of the 124th Army Unit attacked the Blue House in 1968.
In 1974, the PSS was granted more power over the South Korean military and various law enforcement agencies under the enactment of Security Committee for presidential protection (Executive Order 7246) and of Security Control Unit for presidential protection (Executive Order 7246) after Park Chung Hee's wife, Yuk Young-soo was killed.
The abolishment of Security Committee for presidential protection (Executive Order 9692) and abolishment of Security Control Unit for presidential protection (Executive Order 9692) came in 1979 after Park Chung Hee had been assassinated. In 1981, the PSS was mandated, by the revision of PSS directives, to protect former South Korean presidents and their families.
On February 1, 1989, the Cheongnamdae (Presidential retreat) guard squad was formed.
On April 1, 1993, the Mugunghwa Dongsa (Korean: Clearing away of the security house) division was created to act as a counter-terrorism unit. On March 3, 1999, a PSS Multi Security Training Center was created.
The PSS was relieved of their guard duties of the Blue House on April 18, 2003 as jurisdiction was given to the Chungcheongbuk-do Provincial Government. On January 1, 2005, the Pusan APEC Security Safety Control Group was established by the PSS
The Presidential Security Safety Measures Committee was legalized as a committee on March 10, 2005.
- President of South Korea and family
- Blue House
- Former Presidents of South Korea and family after 7 years
- Visiting heads of state
- Domestic/Foreign VIPs, under approval of the PSS
As of 2008, the PSS had been organized into the following:
- Head of PSS
- Inspector General
- Vice Head of PSS
- Headquarters for Innovation & Planning
- Headquarters for Administration
- Headquarters for Protection
- Headquarters for Intelligence & Security
- Headquarters for Education & Training
Code and Pledge
The PSS has a code and a pledge that its agents must abide by at all times:
Unity - The will for unity amongst all and conformity with the President reflecting the teamwork orientated characteristic of security duties
Loyalty - The very basic mental attitude of security agents towards the nation and its people
Eternity - Security duties pursue eternal honor to the end by being with the President with a precondition of self-sacrifice
Honor - Expertise and dignity of the security duty based on sacrifice and service
- One, we will lay down our lives for the successful execution of our duties.
- Another, we will act in a righteous and truthful manner.
- Third, we will firmly unify on the basis of mutual trust.
- Fourth, we will guard the preservation of public peace like our lives.
- Fifth, we will guard the honor and maintain dignity.
- Greetings. Retrieved on January 24, 2008.
- Location. Retrieved on January 24, 2008.
- Presidential Security Service at GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved on January 24, 2008.
- Introduction to PSS. Retrieved on January 24, 2008.
- Joo-Hong Kim, "The Armed Forces" pp. 168-199, at pp. 181, 191, in Kim and Vogel, editors, The Park Chung Hee Era. The transformation of South Korea (Harvard University 2011).
- History of Activities, The 3rd Republic. Retrieved on January 24, 2008.
- Scenes from an Unfinished War: Low-Intensity Conflict in Korea, 1966-1968
- Presidential Security Service at FAS.org. Retrieved on January 24, 2008.
- History of Activities, the 4th Republic. Retrieved on January 24, 2008
- History of Activities, the 5th Republic. Retrieved on January 24, 2008
- History of Activities, the 6th Republic. Retrieved on January 24, 2008.
- History of Activities, Civilian Government. Retrieved on January 24, 2008.
- History of Activities, People's Government. Retrieved on January 24, 2008.
- History of Activities, Participatory Government. Retrieved on January 24, 2008.
- Duties. Retrieved on January 24, 2008.
- Organizations & Functions. Retrieved on January 24, 2008.
- Code & Pledge. Retrieved on January 24, 2008.
- Official Site (Korean)