Prime Minister of the Czech Republic

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Prime Minister of the Czech Republic
Předseda vlády České republiky
Emblem of the Government of the Czech Republic2.svg
Bohuslav Sobotka Senate of Poland 01.JPG
Bohuslav Sobotka

since 17 January 2014
Government of the Czech Republic
Cabinet of the Czech Republic
Member of
Reports to Chamber of Deputies
Residence Kramář's villa, Prague
Appointer The President of the Republic
Term length 4 years
Renewable indefinitely as long as the incumbent has majority support in the Chamber of Deputies.
Inaugural holder Václav Klaus
Formation 1 January 1993
Coat of arms of the Czech Republic.svg
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The Chairman of the Government of the Czech Republic (Czech: Předseda vlády České republiky), normally referred to in English as the Prime Minister, is the head of the Government of the Czech Republic. The Prime Minister and Cabinet (consisting of all the most senior ministers, who are government ministries heads) are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic. The current Prime Minister, Bohuslav Sobotka, leader of the Czech Social Democratic Party, was appointed by the President on 17 January 2014, and serving as 11th person in this position.

Person is appointed by the President of the Czech Republic and its first priority is to create a Government and appoint other Ministers. To the whole government must be given confidence by the Chamber of Deputies.

According to the Constitution of the Czech Republic, Prime Minister organizes activities of the Government and controls their meetings.

Powers and role

Since the Czech Republic is a parliamentary republic, the Prime Minister and his government are accountable to the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament. The Czech constitution provides that upon the accession to the office each Prime Minister must gain and thereafter maintain the confidence of the Parliament. As soon as the Prime Minister loses the confidence he or she is forced to resign and the President is obliged to choose a new Prime Minister.

The Prime Minister is the most powerful office in state, since he commands and presides over the Government. President appoints the Prime Minister who appoints other Ministers of Cabinet of the Czech Republic.


The official residence of the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic is Kramář's Villa (Czech: Kramářova vila). The residence is located at Gogolova 212/1, Hradčany, Czech Republic.

The building was built from 1911 to 1914. It was designed by the Viennese architect Friedrich Ohmann.[1]

List of heads of government


  1. "Kramář's Villa". Government of the Czech Republic. 2 October 2006. Retrieved 11 June 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>