Prince Eugen, Duke of Närke

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Prince Eugen
Duke of Närke
File:Anders Zorn - Prins Eugen 1910.jpg
The Duke in 1910, by Anders Zorn
Born (1865-08-01)1 August 1865
Drottningholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden
Died 17 August 1947(1947-08-17) (aged 82)
Waldemarsudde, Stockholm, Sweden
Full name
Eugén Napoleon Nicolaus
House Bernadotte
Father Oscar II of Sweden and Norway
Mother Sofia of Nassau

Prince Eugen Napoleon Nicolaus of Sweden and Norway, Duke of Närke (1 August 1865 – 17 August 1947) was a Swedish painter, art collector and patron of artists.

Background

Prince Eugen was born at Drottningholm Palace as the fourth and youngest son of Prince Oscar, Duke of Östergötland. His mother was Sophia of Nassau. The newborn prince was granted the title of Duke of Närke. Upon the Duke of Östergötland's accession to the thrones of Sweden and Norway as King Oscar II, the Duke of Närke became fourth in line to the throne. However, he was more interested in painting than in reigning.[1]

Norway

The Duke of Närke was a great admirer of Norwegian nature and frequently visited Christiania (later known as Oslo). His letters show that he preferred its artistic milieu to the more constrained Stockholm one. His most notable Norwegian friends were the painters Erik Werenskiold and Gerhard Munthe; he remained attached to them and to Norway until his death.[2]

On 21 January 1904, Prince Eugen was appointed a Knight of the Norwegian Lion by his father.[3] In 1905, however, the personal union between Norway and Sweden was broken by the Parliament of Norway. The writer Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson mentioned the possible candidature of Prince Eugen for the throne of Norway. Another writer, Knut Hamsun, had suggested the Prince as a suitable candidate already in 1893.[2] His father, however, refused to allow any of his sons to ascend the Norwegian throne.[4]

Prince Eugen was the only Swede represented at an exhibition in Oslo in 1904[citation needed]. The explanation was that he was a prince of Norway until 1905 and that his relations with the Norwegian artists caused him to be seen as Norwegian until the dissolution of the union.[2]

Art

File:Eugen of Sweden and Norway c 1905.jpg
Prince Eugen painting (c. 1905)

After finishing high school, Prince Eugen studied art history at Uppsala University. Although supported by his parents, Prince Eugen did not make the decision to pursue a career in painting easily, not least because of his royal status. He was very open-minded and interested in the radical tendencies of the 1880s.[5] The Duke became one of the era's most prominent landscape painters.[6] He was first trained in painting by Hans Gude and Wilhelm von Gegerfelt. Between 1887 and 1889,[5] he studied in Paris under Léon Bonnat, Alfred Philippe Roll, Henri Gervex and Pierre Puvis de Chavannes.[5][7] Puvis de Chavannes's classical simplicity had the greatest influence on Prince Eugen's work.[5] The Duke devoted himself entirely to landscape painting,[5] becoming one of the era's most prominent landscape painters.[6] He was mainly interested in the lake Mälaren, the countryside of Stockholm (such as Tyresö, where he spent his summers), Västergötland (most notably Örgården, another summer residence) and Skåne (especially Österlen).[5]

Prince Eugen's works

Death and legacy

Prince Eugen bought Waldemarsudde, on Djurgården in Stockholm, in 1899 and had a residence built there within a few years.[5] After his death at Drottningholm Palace on 17 August 1947, the residence became an art museum and, in accordance with his will, property of the state.[6] Eugen never married, in an era when royal princes almost always found princesses to wed. His homosexual orientation was unknown to the general public.[9]

Arms

208px
Arms as Prince of Sweden and Norway, Duke of Närke 1865 to 1905
145px
Arms as Prince of Sweden and Duke of Närke 1905 to 1947
157px
Royal Monogram of Prince Eugen of Sweden

Ancestry

References

  1. "Prince Eugens Waldemarsudde". New York Times. Retrieved 3 February 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Barton, Hildor Arnold (2003). "Sweden and Visions of Norway: Politics and Culture, 1814-1905". Southern Illinois University Press. ISBN 0809324415. Missing or empty |url= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. kongehuset.no - The Order of the Norwegian Lion
  4. Haakon VII Biography of King Haakon VII in connection with NRK's series "Store norske" (Great Norwegians) (Norwegian)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 "Prince Eugen". Retrieved 3 February 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Prins Eugens Waldemarsudde". Prins Eugens Waldemarsudde. Retrieved 3 February 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Eugen Napoleon Nicolaus". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved 3 February 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Waldemarsuddekrukan pothistory". www.museibutiken.se.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Article by Herman Lindqvist in Aftonbladet 2013-08-03
Swedish Royalty
House of Bernadotte
Bernadotte coa.svg
Charles XIV John
Children
Oscar I
Oscar I
Children
Charles XV
Prince Gustaf, Duke of Uppland
Oscar II
Princess Eugenie
Prince August, Duke of Dalarna
Charles XV
Children
Lovisa, Queen of Denmark
Prince Carl Oscar, Duke of Södermanland
Oscar II
Children
Gustaf V
Prince Oscar, Duke of Gotland
Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland
Prince Eugen, Duke of Närke
Grandchildren
Margaretha, Princess Axel of Denmark
Märtha, Crown Princess of Norway
Astrid, Queen of Belgium
Prince Carl, Duke of Östergötland
Gustaf V
Children
Gustaf VI Adolf
Prince Vilhelm, Duke of Södermanland
Prince Erik, Duke of Västmanland
Grandchildren
Prince Lennart, Duke of Småland
Gustaf VI Adolf
Children
Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten
Prince Sigvard, Duke of Uppland
Ingrid, Queen of Denmark
Prince Bertil, Duke of Halland
Prince Carl Johan, Duke of Dalarna
Grandchildren
Princess Margaretha, Mrs. Ambler
Birgitta, Princess Johann Georg of Hohenzollern
Princess Désirée, Baroness Silfverschiöld
Princess Christina, Mrs. Magnuson
Carl XVI Gustaf
Carl XVI Gustaf
Children
Crown Princess Victoria, Duchess of Västergötland
Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland
Princess Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland
Grandchildren
Princess Estelle, Duchess of Östergötland
Princess Leonore, Duchess of Gotland
Prince Nicolas, Duke of Ångermanland