Princes of Orléans

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This is a list of Princes of Orléans, male line descendants of the House of Orléans, headed by the Duke of Orléans. The present House of Orléans was founded by Philippe de France, duc d'Orléans known as Monsieur and the only sibling of Louis XIV of France.

The children of Philippe de France held the rank of Grand-children of France, being male line descendants of Louis XIII of France, the father of Louis XIV and Monsieur. This allowed that group of people the style of Royal Highness, this was from the reign of Louis XIII.[1]

After 1723, member of the House of Orléans took the style of Serene Highness and thus ranked as Princes of the Blood. At the French court, these Princes outranked their cousins the Prince of Condé and the Princes of Conti, older branches of the House of Bourbon which ruled France from 1589 beginning with Henry IV till the end of the Revolution during the reign of Louis XVI.

The title Prince of Orléans, though not a de facto style has generally been restricted to the following persons:

  • the legitimate sons of a Duke of Orléans,
  • the legitimate male line descendants of a Duke of Orléans.

Princes of Orléans (1650–1652)

The following male was the son of Gaston, Duke of Orléans, the only surviving brother of Louis XIII. Gaston was created the Duke of Orléans at his first marriage in 1626 to the heiress Marie de Bourbon, Duchess of Montpensier; Marie died in childbirth[2] while Gaston again married again in 1632 to Marguerite de Lorraine.

Name Birth Death Image Notes
Jean Gaston, Duke of Valois 17 August 1650 10 August 1652 Blason duche fr Orleans (moderne).svg Only son of Gaston and Marguerite; known as the Duke of Valois till his death aged .

Princes of Orléans (1664–1850)

Name Birth Death Image Notes
Philippe Charles, Duke of Valois 16 July 1664 8 December 1666 Blason duche fr Orleans (moderne).svg died in infancy;
Alexandre Louis, Duke of Valois 2 June 1673 16 March 1676 Blason duche fr Orleans (moderne).svg son of Monsieur and Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate; died in infancy;
Philippe Charles, Duke of Orléans
le Régent
2 August 1674 2 December 1723 Philippe d'Orléans, Regent of France; Jean-Baptiste Santerre..gif son of Monsieur and Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate; served as Regent of the Kingdom from 1715 to 1723 in the Régence;
Louis, Duke of Orléans 4 August 1703 4 February 1752 Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans (1703-1752) wearing the Orders of the Holy Spirit and the Golden Fleece after Sophie Rochard.jpg son of Philippe Charles, Duke of Orléans and Françoise-Marie de Bourbon;
Louis Philippe, Duke of Orléans 12 May 1725 18 November 1785 Louis-Philippe1.jpg son of Louis, Duke of Orléans and Margravine Auguste Marie Johanna of Baden-Baden;
Louis Philippe Joseph, Duke of Orléans 13 April 1747 6 November 1793 100px son of Louis Philippe, Duke of Orléans and Louise Henriette de Bourbon; known as Philippe Égalité;
Louis Philippe, Duke of Orléans
King of the French
6 October 1773 26 August 1850 Louis-Philippe-France.png son of Louis Philippe Joseph and Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon;
Antoine Philippe, Duke of Montpensier 3 July 1775 18 May 1807 Antoine d'Orléans (1775-1806).jpg son of Louis Philippe Joseph and Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon;
Louis Charles, Count of Beaujolais 7 October 1779 30 May 1808 Louis Charles d'Orléans (1779-1808), Count of Beaujolais by Charles-François Phelippes.jpg son of Louis Philippe Joseph and Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon;

References and notes

  1. Velde, François. "The French Royal Family: Titles and Customs — Formal Styles". Heraldica.org. Retrieved 2009-02-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. giving birth to la Grande Mademoiselle in 1762

See also