Princess Adelheid of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
|Adelheid of Hohenlohe-Langenburg|
|Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein|
|Tenure||11 March 1869 – 14 January 1880|
|Born||20 July 1835|
|Died||Script error: The function "death_date_and_age" does not exist.
|Spouse||Frederick VIII, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein|
|Issue||Friedrich, Prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
Augusta Victoria, German Empress and Queen of Prussia
Karoline Mathilde, Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Gerhard , Prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
Ernst Gunther, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein
Louise, Princess Friedrich Leopold of Prussia
Feodora Adelheid, Princess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
|House||House of Hohenlohe-Langenburg|
|Father||Ernst I, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg|
|Mother||Princess Feodora of Leiningen|
Princess Adelheid of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (July 20, 1835 – January 25, 1900) was a niece of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. She was the second daughter of Ernst I, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and Princess Feodora of Leiningen, older half-sister of the British queen. She is a matrillineal ancestor of Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden and Felipe VI of Spain.
Napoleon III's proposal of marriage
In 1852, not long after Napoléon III became Emperor of France, he made a proposal of marriage to Adelheid's parents after he had been rebuffed by Princess Carola of Sweden. Although he had never met her, the political advantages of the marriage for the Emperor were obvious. It would provide dynastic respectability for the Bonaparte line, and could promote a closer alliance between France and Britain, because Adelheid was Queen Victoria's niece. At the same time, she was not officially a member of the British royal family, so the risk of refusal was small. Adelheid could be expected to be grateful enough for her good fortune to convert to Roman Catholicism.
As it turned out, the proposal horrified Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, who preferred not to confer such hasty legitimacy upon France's latest "revolutionary" regime — the durability of which was deemed dubious — nor to yield up a young kinswoman for the purpose. The British court maintained a strict silence toward the Hohenlohes during the marriage negotiations, lest the Queen seem either eager for or repulsed by the prospect of Napoléon as a nephew-in-law.
The parents, accurately interpreting the British silence as disapproval, declined the French offer—to their sixteen-year-old daughter's dismay. This may have been only a maneuver by the Hohenlohes to obtain concessions from the French to secure their daughter's future interests. But before his ministers could press his case with further inducements, Napoléon gave up pursuit of a royal consort. Instead he offered marriage to Eugénie de Montijo, Countess of Teba, whom he had been simultaneously soliciting to become his mistress, and who had refused his advances.
Marriage and children
On September 11, 1856 Adelheid married Frederick VIII, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein. They were parents to seven children:
- Prince Friedrich of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (August 3, 1857 - October 29, 1858).
- Princess Augusta Viktoria of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (October 22, 1858 - April 11, 1921); married Wilhelm II of Germany.
- Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (January 25, 1860 - February 20, 1932). Married Friedrich Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. He was a son of Friedrich, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, second son of Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel.
- Prince Gerhard of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (January 20 - April 11, 1862).
- Prince Ernst Gunther of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (August 11, 1863 - February 21, 1921); later Duke of Schleswig-Holstein.
- Princess Louise Sophie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (April 8, 1866 - April 28, 1952); married Prince Friedrich Leopold of Prussia, a male-line great-grandson of Frederick William III of Prussia.
- Princess Feodora Adelheid of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (July 3, 1874 - June 21, 1910).
With her husband, the Duchess first resided at Dolzig, in Nieder Lausitz, but in 1863 moved to Kiel when Duke Frederick became legitimate heir to the duchies of Schleswig-Holstein. They returned to Dolzig only three years later, when after the Austrian-Prussian War the duchies were annexed by Prussia. In the following years the couple alternated between Dolzig, Gotha, an the family domains at Primkenau. Duke Frederick died in 1880, shortly before the couple's eldest daughter was engaged to the Prussian heir. After the marriage in February 1881, Duchess Adelheid settled in Dresden, where she lived a retired life, interesting herself chiefly in painting an music.
The Duchess died at Dresden on 25 January 1900.
A small island in Franz Josef Land, Adelaide Island (Остров Аделаиды), was named after Princess Adelheid by the Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition.
|Family of Princess Adelheid of Hohenlohe-Langenburg|