Princess Elisabeth of Saxony

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Elisabeth of Saxony
Duchess of Genoa
Marchioness Rapallo
Born (1830-02-04)4 February 1830
Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony
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Stresa, Piedmont, Kingdom of Italy
Spouse Ferdinand, Duke of Genoa
Niccolò, Marchese Rapallo
Issue Margherita, Queen of Italy
Thomas, Duke of Genoa
Full name
Maria Elisabeth Maximiliana Ludovika Amalie Franziska Sophia Leopoldine Anna Baptista Xaveria Nepomucena
House Wettin
Father John of Saxony
Mother Amalie Auguste of Bavaria
Religion Roman Catholicism

Elisabeth of Saxony (German: Prinzessin Elisabeth von Sachsen, Herzogin zu Sachsen; 4 February 1830 – 14 August 1912) was a Princess of Saxony who married the second son of the King of Sardinia. She was the mother of Margherita, Queen of Italy.

Early life and family

She was born in Dresden, capital of Saxony, as daughter of King John of Saxony and his wife Amalie Auguste of Bavaria. Her paternal grandparents were Prince Maximilian of Saxony and Carolina of Parma. Her maternal grandparents were King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and Karoline of Baden.

Marriages and issue

On 22 April 1850, she married, in Dresden Cathedral, Prince Ferdinand, 1st Duke of Genoa, second son of King Charles Albert of Sardinia and Maria Theresa of Austria and Tuscany. Their marriage was a dynastic arrangement, and it was generally held to be loveless.[1]

The couple had two children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Margherita Maria Teresa Giovanna Palazzo Chiablese, 20 November 1851 Bordighera, 4 January 1926 married Umberto I of Italy; had issue.
Tommaso Alberto Vittorio, 2nd Duke of Genoa Palazzo Chiablese, 6 February 1854 Turin, 15 April 1931 married Princess Isabella of Bavaria; had issue.

On 10 February 1855 her husband died in Turin, leaving Elizabeth a widow at the age of 25.

Before her second year of widowhood had ended, she remarried on 4 October 1856 with her chamberlain Niccolò, Marchese Rapallo.[1] They married secretly, before her period of official mourning was over. This act so infuritated her brother-in-law Victor Emmanuel II of Italy that he ordered her into virtual exile and disallowed her from seeing her two children.[1] They were later reunited however.

In 1882, her second husband committed suicide. Court gossip had often hinted that their marriage was unhappy, and his suicide added fuel to these stories.[1] Elisabeth had no children from her second marriage.


Elisabeth suffered an attack of apoplexy in 1910, which caused her health to quickly deteriorate.[1] She died on 14 August 1912.[1]

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 4 February 1830 – 22 April 1850: Her Royal Highness Princess Elizabeth of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony
  • 22 April 1850 – 10 February 1855: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Genoa, Princess and Duchess of Saxony
  • 10 February 1855 – 4 October 1856: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Duchess of Genoa, Princess and Duchess of Saxony
  • 4 October 1856 – 27 November 1882: Her Royal Highness The Marchioness Rapallo, Princess and Duchess of Saxony
  • 27 November 1882 – 14 August 1912: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Marchioness Rapallo, Princess and Duchess of Saxony


Family of Princess Elisabeth of Saxony
16. Augustus III of Poland
8. Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony
17. Maria Josepha of Austria
4. Prince Maximilian of Saxony
18. Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor
9. Maria Antonia Walpurgis of Bavaria
19. Maria Amalia of Austria
2. John of Saxony
20. Philip, Duke of Parma
10. Ferdinand, Duke of Parma
21. Princess Louise Élisabeth of France
5. Carolina of Parma
22. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
11. Maria Amalia of Austria
23. Maria Theresa of Austria
1. Elisabeth of Saxony
24. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
12. Count Palatine Frederick Michael of Zweibrücken
25. Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken
6. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
26. Joseph Karl Emanuel August, Count Palatine of Sulzbach
13. Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach
27. Countess Palatine Elizabeth Augusta Sophie of Neuburg
3. Amalie Auguste of Bavaria
28. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden
14. Margrave Charles Louis of Baden
29. Landgravine Karoline Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt
7. Caroline of Baden
30. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
15. Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
31. Countess Palatine Henriette Karoline of Zweibrücken


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