Progressive realism

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Progressive realism is an American foreign policy paradigm largely made popular by Robert Wright in 2006[1] which focuses on producing measurable results in pursuit of widely supported goals.[2] It supports stronger international institutions, free trade, and US national interests.[2] Progressive realists' beliefs are similar to neoconservatives in that foreign interests, such as national defense and participation in the United Nations, serves national interests.[3] They feel that economic interdependence, the environment and global security makes international governance serve national interest.[3][4] The policy emphasizes the need to convert "hard" military power and "soft" attractive power into "smart" power.[5]


  1. Hynd, Steve (June 23, 2009). "Progressive Realism And Iran". Retrieved January 10, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 Greg Anrig (July 20, 2006). "Why democrats should pursue "progressive realism" at home". Retrieved December 17, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 Wright, Robert (December 31, 1969). "'Progressive realism': In search of a foreign policy - Editorials & Commentary - International Herald Tribune". The New York Times. Retrieved January 10, 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Nye, Joseph (August 21, 2006). "Progressive Realism". Retrieved January 10, 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Nye, Joseph (August 31, 2006). "Progressive realism in foreign policy". Retrieved January 13, 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>