Province of Medio Campidano
|Province of Medio Campidano|
Map highlighting the location of the province of Medio Campidano in Italy
|Capital(s)||Sanluri and Villacidro|
|• President||Fulvio Tocco|
|• Total||1,516 km2 (585 sq mi)|
|• Density||70/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||VS|
The province of Medio Campidano (Italian: provincia del Medio Campidano; Sardinian: provìntzia de su Campidanu de Mesu) is a province in the autonomous region of Sardinia, Italy. As of 2015, the province has a population of 100,141 inhabitants over an area of 1,517.34 square kilometres (585.85 sq mi), giving it a population density of 66 inhabitants per square kilometre. It has two chief towns, Villacidro and Sanluri, with 14,245 and 8,543 inhabitants, respectfully. It was established in 2005 from a section of the province of Cagliari. It contains 28 comuni (singular: comune) and the president of the province is Fulvio Tocco.
The formation of the province was announced in 2001 by the Autonomous Region of Sardinia and it officially became a province in May 2005 from a section of the province of Cagliari. On 6 May 2012 the regional referendums of Sardinia took place regarding the abolition of certain provinces and a variety of other matters. The suggestion of reforming or abolishing certain provinces in Sardinia was approved by the Regional Council of Sardinia on 24 May 2012. Due to this, the province of Medio Campidano was ordered to form a new administrative body or be abolished on 1 March 2013, but this expiry date for constitutional changes was extended to 1 July 2013. It later formed a new administrative body.
The Province of Medio Campidano is on the west side of the Island of Sardinia, with a coastline on the Mediterranean Sea. To the north is the Province of Oristano, to the east the Province of Cagliari and to the south, the Provinces of Carbonia-Iglesias and Cagliari. The total area of Medio Campidano is 1,516 square kilometres (585 sq mi), some 6.3% of the whole island. It is divided into 28 municipalities. The capitals are Sanluri in the east and Villacidro in the south. The environment is diverse, with mountains, hills, plains and coastline. The province is one of the least populated and most unspoilt areas of the island and has earned the name, the "Green Province".
The mining industry began to develop in the province in the nineteenth century due to the large lead, copper and silver reserves, but the industry became uneconomical after World War II and all that now remains is the industrial heritage. In the more hilly districts, olives and grapes are grown and Sardinia is known for the breeding of sheep. The Campidano plain is used for cropping and produces rice, maize and sorghum.
- "Provincia del Medio Campidano". Tutt Italia. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
- "Medio Campidano". Italia.it. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
- "Referendum". Autonomous Region of Sardinia. 25 May 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
- "Provinces alive for another nine months, the Council approves the law". Radio Press. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
- "Provinces begin the countdown". L'Unione Sarda. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
- "Provinces: all out in nine months". La Nuova Sardegna. 25 May 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
- "Superficie (ettari) e produzione (quintali): riso, mais, sorgo, altri cereali". Istat.it. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
- Media related to Province of Medio Campidano at Wikimedia Commons